Fonda, Jane (1937 December 21)
- Existence: 1937 December 21
Jane Seymour Fonda was born in New York, New York, on December 21, 1937 to actor Henry Fonda (1905-1982) and socialite Frances Seymour Brokaw (1908-1950). She has one brother, Peter Fonda (1940- ). She received her primary and secondary education at the Brentwood Town and Country School in Los Angeles, CA; the Greenwich Academy in Greenwich, CT; and the Emma Willard School in Troy, NY. She attended Vassar College from 1955-1957, through her sophomore year.
Fonda travelled to France in the summer of 1957, and enrolled in the art school Académie de la Grand Chaumiére in the fall. She lived in Paris until the winter of 1957, when her father insisted that she return home to New York City. In the summer of 1958, Henry Fonda moved the family to a house on the Santa Monica beach in Los Angeles where Jane befriended Susan Strasberg, daughter of actor, acting teacher, and director, Lee Strasberg. Strasberg accepted Jane into his fall 1958 private Method Acting classes in New York City. Fonda worked for the Ford Modeling Agency to finance her lessons. In 1959, Fonda made her Broadway debut in There Was a Little Girl, earning her the New York Drama Critics' Circle award for "the most promising actress of the year for drama," and a Tony nomination for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play. Her first film role was inTall Story (1960). Fonda opened in her second Broadway play,Invitation to a March, in the fall of 1960.
Between 1960 and 1964, Jane Fonda made six movies including Period of Adjustment (1962), Walk on the Wild Side (1962), The Chapman Report (1962), In the Cool of the Day (1963), Sunday in New York (1963), and Les Félins (1964). Fonda was approached by the film director Roger Vadim (1928-2000) in 1963 to film a remake ofLa Ronde, but dismissed the offer. Later, Fonda and Vadim officially met at her birthday party in December 1963 and entered into a relationship. Despite Fonda's initial objection, the pair filmed La Ronde in 1964. Fonda and Vadim lived together in France co-parenting Vadim's two children Nathalie and Christian with their mothers, Annette Stroyberg and Catherine Deneuve, respectively. Fonda travelled between California, New York, and France for work, ultimately purchasing a home in France in 1965 before her marriage to Roger Vadim in August 1965.
Fonda became attune to global and American social and political issues. While filming Hurry Sundown (1967) in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Fonda began to understand both overt and nuanced racial disparities, as well as the fight for Civil Rights not only in the South and in the United States on the whole. Her next two films, Barbarella (1968) and Tre Passi Nel Delirio (Historia Extraordinarias/Spirits of the Dead) (1968), filmed with Vadim in Rome, also sparked a heightened awareness of women’s sexual exploitation, most notably Barbarella. Fonda was also influenced by Vadim and friends’ vehement opposition to American action in Vietnam and the anti-Vietnam War movement in France.
In 1968, Fonda and Vadim’s daughter, Vanessa Vadim (1968- ) was born. They separated a year later.
Jane Fonda spent much of 1970 touring the U.S., speaking out against the Vietnam War, and in support of groups representing disenfranchised communities, such as the American Indian Movement and the Black Panther Party. These activities earned Fonda a place on the Nixon administration's "enemies list," and eventually resulted in a 22,000 page FBI file.
After her first cross-country tour, Fonda alternated living between Los Angeles, California and New York City before settling in L.A. In L.A., Fonda became friends with actor and activist Donald Sutherland. That same year, Fonda, Sutherland, and activist and physician Howard Levy created "an alternative to Bob Hope's traditional pro-war entertainment," a satirical anti-war revue, entitled FTA ('Free the Army' or Fuck the Army'). FTA was "political vaudeville with an antiwar, pro-soldier theme…intended not only to support the soldiers' antiwar sentiments but to call attention to the way soldiers were dehumanized in the military." A documentary about the tour directed by Francine Parker, titled F.T.A (1972), was picked up for film distribution by American International.
In May 1972 Fonda received an invitation from the Vietnamese Committee for Solidarity with the American People, the Vietnamese cultural Association, and the Vietnam Film Artists Association to make a two week trip to Hanoi. It was on this trip that Fonda provoked major controversy by making several broadcasts over Radio Hanoi in which she urged American airmen to stop bombing the North. She met with groups of American prisoners of war (POWs), took photographs and film evidence of the American-created damage to the system of Vietnamese dikes, and also met with various Vietnamese citizens and soldiers. It was on this trip that Fonda was photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun site. This incident was the origin of the epithet 'Hanoi Jane.' Following this, she returned to New York and dealt with the repercussions of her travel: accusation of treason, a call to boycott Fonda's films, and other political, professional, and societal backlash.
Fonda met activist Tom Hayden (1939-2016) in early 1972, and entered a relationship with him shortly thereafter. The two worked to create a national speaking tour, the Indochina Peace Campaign (IPC), for the fall of 1972. Jane officially divorced Roger Vadim in January 1973 in order to marry Hayden. They had one son together, Troy Garity (1973- ). Fonda's marriage to Tom Hayden in 1973 further galvanized her politically and together they engaged in grassroots organizing on such issues as increased community services, migrant workers' rights, and solar energy development; they founded the Campaign for Economic Democracy (CED), to "democratize" U.S. corporate culture; and organized national rallies in their campaigns against "unbridled corporate power" and nuclear energy.
Fonda embarked on her second U.S. tour in 1973 with Tom Hayden and Troy, and shortly after that, travelled again to North Vietnam. This second trip was to facilitate the creation of a documentary, Introduction to the Enemy (1974), "aimed at showing the human side of Vietnam, a view of the people's lives and stories very few Americans would otherwise ever see or hear." Haskell Wexler, an American cinematographer, filmed and co-directed the documentary with both Fonda and Hayden.
Fonda created her own production company, IPC Films, with friend Bruce Gilbert in the late 1970s. IPC Films produced Introduction to the Enemy (1974), The China Syndrome (1979), 9 to 5 (1980), Rollover, and On Golden Pond (both 1981). The China Syndrome and On Golden Pond were both nominated for Academy Awards.
In 1977, Hayden and Fonda bought land north of Santa Barbara, California, to create a performing arts summer camp for children called Laurel Springs. The camp ran for 14 years, until 1991, and used the performing arts to build self-esteem and cooperation among children of all races and socio-economic backgrounds. It was here that Fonda met Mary Luana (Lulu) Williams (1967- ), a child of Black Panther Party members, with whom Fonda fostered a mother-daughter relationship. After getting to know Williams over the course of three summers, Fonda adopted her in 1982, at the age of 16.
In 1979, Fonda opened a fitness workout studio in Beverly Hills, California. Its success led to the establishment of other such studios in California as well as the creation of five books, twelve audio programs, and twenty-three videotapes, including Jane Fonda's Workout Book (1981), Jane Fonda's Workout Book for Pregnancy, Birth and Recovery (1982), and Women Coming of Age (1984) with Julia Lafonda. The Jane Fonda Workout (1982) video remains the top-grossing fitness video of all time. In researching material for The Workout, Fonda addressed her long battle with bulimia and food addiction. In 2011, Jane Fonda created five new tapes for seniors, and re-released five of the most requested titles from the Original Workout series on DVD and in digital format in 2015.
Fonda and Tom Hayden separated in 1988 and divorced in 1990. Shortly after, Fonda met broadcasting mogul Ted Turner (1938- ) and also decided to retire from acting. She states, "For all intents and purposes, I had decided to stop acting and producing by the time I met Ted, but once I committed to the relationship, it became a done deal." The two married on Fonda's 54th birthday, December 21, 1991 and divorced in 2001.
During her time away from acting, Fonda’s work in community service and philanthropy became more pronounced. In 1995, Fonda founded the Georgia Campaign for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention (G-CAPP) to work to reduce the high rates of adolescent pregnancy in Georgia through community and youth development, sustainable economic development, and legislative advocacy. As a part of this work, Fonda studied the effects of sexual violence on girls and boys. In 2012, the G-CAPP Board changed the name of the group to the Georgia Campaign for Adolescent Power and Potential.
Using Laurel Springs as a model, Fonda also co-founded the Performing Arts Program for Youth (PAPY) in Atlanta in the early 1990s. Other organizations in which Jane Fonda has been involved include Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Fonda, Inc., the Turner Foundation, the Women's Media Center (WMC), the Carter Center, Advocates for Youth, The Village Foundation of the National Task Force on African-American Men and Boys, Girls, Inc., and the Elton John AIDS Foundation.
After fifteen years in retirement, Fonda returned to acting in 2005 with the film Monster-In-Law, and has continued to appear in television and film alike since that time. She has appeared on Broadway in 33 Variations (2009), and on television in The Simpsons (2014), Grace and Frankie (2015- ), and The Newsroom (2012-2014).
In addition to winning two Academy Awards for Klute (1971) and Coming Home (1979), Jane Fonda has received several Oscar nominations for Best Actress: They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969), Julia (1977), On Golden Pond, and The Morning After (1986). Fonda earned a Tony nomination for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play for 33 Variations and was twice nominated for an Emmy for Outstanding Guest Performer in a Drama Series forThe Newsroom in 2012 and 2013.
Her many honors and awards include a Humanitarian Award from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1982; being named a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Population Fund in 1994; receiving an Honorary Palme d'Or for career achievement by the Cannes Film Festival in 2007; being inducted into the California Hall of Fame in 2008; receiving the New York Women's Agenda Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009; and being selected as the 42nd recipient of the American Film Institute's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2014.
Jane Fonda is the author of three books, My Life So Far (2005), Prime Time (2011), and Being a Teen: Everything Teen Girls & Boys Should Know About Relationships, Sex, Love, Health, Identity & More (2014).
Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:
This collection contains research material Jerry Lembcke gathered on actress and anti-war activist Jane Fonda for his 2010 book "Hanoi Jane: War, Sex, and Fantasies of Betrayal" which dissects the media myth-making of actress Jane Fonda and her anti-war activism in the 1970s.
- Actors 1
- Actresses 1
- Awards 1
- Birth control -- United States 1
- Body image in women 1
- Calendars 1
- Feminists -- United States 1
- Interviews 1
- Peace movements -- United States 1
- Physical fitness for women -- 20th century 1
- Playbills 1
- Publicity 1
- Reproductive and sexual health 1
- Scripts 1
- Video recordings 1
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements 1
- Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements -- United States 1
- Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements 1
- Women and philanthropy 1 + ∧ less