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World Emergency, 1936-1946

 File — Box: 1, Reel: 76, microdex: 4
World Emergency, 1936-1946
World Emergency, 1936-1946

Scope and Contents

Documents concerning YWCA war relief activities in Romania and South America. During World War II, the YWCA of the U.S.A. cooperates with the World YWCA, YWCA organizations around the world, and other relief agencies to assist with the global cause. War relief activities include operating hostess houses, refugee relief, financial support, health aid and supplying provisions. Many refugees travel through or seek refuge in Romania and the YWCA assists in providing for the needs of the refugees. Polish refugees in particular need assistance as they flee their country. Reports and correspondence contain accounts of the conditions in Romania, outline the needs for the war emergency work and request additional support or supplies. In South American and Latin American countries the effect of the war varies. Some letters notes that the war affects the people only financially or in lack of supplies. Other countries such as Argentina see refugees from Europe. In Argentina the effects of the war are complicated by internal political struggles. Correspondence and reports outline the political situations and its affect on YWCA activities. In addition to political struggles, Argentina sees conflicts between protestant and catholic organizations and people sometimes complicating the work of the protestant YWCA activities. World War II has a more direct effect on the people of Brazil as they are actively involved and host United States military bases. Letters and reports from Brazil describe the YWCA cooperation with the USO to serve military men in Brazil, assistance to employed women during wartime work and war work training programs.

Dates of Materials

  • Creation: 1936-1946

Language of Materials

English; Spanish

Conditions Governing Access

From the Record Group:

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

However, by agreement with the YWCA of the U.S.A., microdexes known to contain financial records or personal health information (usually on job applications) were not digitized and/or not published in our online repository as part of the CLIR Digitizing Hidden Collections grant. These microdexes may still be accessed on the original microfilm, and digital files may be made available to individual researchers upon request.


391 frames (1 partial reel)