International Council of Women records
Scope and Contents
Dates of Materials
- 1888 - 1981
- International Council of Women (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Biographical / Historical
In the early years of its existence, the ICW promoted National Councils and gained acceptance in the international community, but it's primary activity was planning the regular congresses. The ICW, regarded by members of other women's groups as the most conservative of women's international organizations, took pride in it's reputation, viewing it as a consequence of maintaining a broad program. It's early refusal to take a position on suffrage contributed to the formation of more radical organizations, such as the International Alliance of Women. In 1899, the Council began to take on more substantive issues, forming an International Standing Committee on Peace and International Arbitration. Other standing committees were soon established, and through them, the ICW became involved in issues from suffrage to health.
World War II caused great disorganization in the Council's work. Some national councils discontinued their work altogether; in others the leadership and organization were disrupted. In 1946, the ICW met in Philadelphia to re-focus its efforts and recover its former unity. The Conference issued a statement condemning war and all crimes against humanity, as well as demanding a more active role for women in the national and international arena.
Since its inception in 1888, the ICW's aims have been consistent-the unification of women's organizations for action to promote human rights, sexual equality, peace, and women's involvement in the international sphere. As of 2002, there are National Councils in seventy-five countries, and Regional Councils in America and Europe. The ICW continues to organize women globally, focusing on local education and health programs.
For further information about the ICW see: Worlds of Women: The Making of an International Women's Movement by Leila J. Rupp (Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ, 1997).
1.5 linear feet (4 containers)
Language of Materials
- I. Organization and Administration
- II. Committees
- III. Conferences and Meetings
- IV. Publications
- V. National Councils
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Aberdeen and Temair, Ishbel Gordon, Marchioness of, 1857-1939
- Avery, Rachel Foster, 1858-
- Beggs, Vera W. (Vera Wadsworth), d. 1968--Correspondence
- Biographical sketches
- Eder, Jeanne--Correspondence
- Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935
- International Council of Women
- International Council of Women
- International cooperation
- Membership lists
- Salomon, Alice, 1872-1948
- Sewall, May Wright, 1844-1920
- Stetten, Alice Mayer, 1887-1972.--Correspondence
- Willard, Frances Elizabeth, 1839-1898
- Women -- International cooperation -- 20th century
- Women -- Societies and clubs
- Women -- Suffrage
- Women -- United States -- Societies and clubs
- Women's rights -- Congresses
- Finding aid to the International Council of Women records
- Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
- Finding aid prepared by Amy Hague
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2005-09-23: mnsss96 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
- 2017-07-26T17:48:24-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2019-04-22: Made paper FA pencil edit change and updated finding aid.
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063