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Susan Hodges papers regarding Citizens for Midwifery

Identifier: SSC-MS-00727

Scope and Contents

Boxes 1 through 3 document the activism of Susan Hodges and others prior to the founding of CfM. Later boxes document its formation, organizational history and functions, as well as efforts to pass legislation to make midwifery legal and certify midwives, in Georgia and other states. The records also document other organizations of which Hodges was a part--including Georgia Friends of Midwives and Childbirth Alternatives Network--and her relationships with other organizations and groups, conference attendance, outreach and education efforts, correspondence, and research on midwifery and obstetrics.

Dates of Materials

  • Creation: 1980-2014


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

To the extent that she owns copyright, Hodges has assigned the copyright in her works to Smith College; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Hodges, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical Note

Citizens for Midwifery is a grassroots consumer organization that advocates for access to midwifery services and educates women on alternatives to hospital birth. The organization was founded in Georgia in 1996 by Susan Hodges (who became president) and several others, after they ended their relationship with the National Coalition for Birthing Alternatives in late 1995. Early efforts largely focused on attempting to change regulations and pass state legislation to certify midwives, after the practice had effectively been made illegal in Georgia. CfM continued to focus on making the option of midwife-attended home birth available to women in and outside of Georgia, forming a national network within the organization and with other groups that remains active today.


19.5 linear feet (18 containers)

0.13455 Gigabytes

Language of Materials



The collection contains the professional papers of activist Susan Hodges, especially her founding and work with Citizens for Midwifery, a grassroots consumer organization that advocates for access to midwifery services and educates women on alternatives to hospital birth.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

This collection contains materials received from the donor in digital form that are not currently available online. Please consult with Special Collections staff to request access to this digital content.

As a preservation measure, researchers must use digital copies of audiovisual materials in this collection. Please consult with Special Collections staff or email to request the creation of and access to digital copies.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was gifted by Susan Sherry Hodges in 2014.

Related Materials

Midwives Alliance of North America Records

Processing Information

The contents of computer media in this collection has been copied to networked storage for preservation and access; the original directory and file structure was retained and file lists were created. Some media was unable to be copied.

CDs in box 18 were not copied. These will be copied in future.

Finding aid to the Susan Hodges papers regarding Citizens for Midwifery
Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
Madison White
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Revision Statements

  • 2017-07-26T17:48:24-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
  • 2018-10-15: Updated to conform to DACS
  • 2020-03-02: Container inventory imported
  • 2020-04-29: Description added for born-digital content.

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Neilson Library
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063