Scope and Contents
Much of the collection is personal narratives, poetry, reflections, and correspondence with various family members. The most prominent relationship documented is that of Marianne Robinson and her daughter, Vicki Sue, who sang the disco anthem "Turn the Beat Around" and died of cancer in 2000 at age 45. Marianne Robinson's letters, photographs, poetry, correspondence, and even invoices are fantastic primary sources for topics of the labor and women's movement, folk music, single motherhood, and activism. Her correspondence with Woody Guthrie (Box 2) might be of special interest.
Conditions Governing Access
Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections (email@example.com) at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.
Conditions Governing Use
To the extent that she owns copyright, Robinson has assigned the copyright in her works to Smith College; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Robinson, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Marianne"Jolly"Smolens was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the daughter of Henry Smolens, a radical anarchist employed as a salesman, and Amy Potter, an artist and progressive socialist. When she was in fifth grade, her family moved to Arden, Delaware, a single tax, utopian community. Arden was also home to one of the co-founders of America's Communist Party, Ella Reeve ("Mother") Bloor and other visionaries who stressed dissent and freethinking. While still in high school, Smolens became involved in the civil rights movement and was drawn to the jazz and folk music scene in Philadelphia. Unable to go to college, she worked at a record store by day and frequented jazz clubs by night, while also singing folk songs at the meetings of various social justice coalitions. In 1948 Smolens moved to New York to work with People's Songs, singing with Pete Seeger and Woody Guthrie. That same year, she joined the Communist Party-USA, remaining a member until 1961, and was deeply involved in the radical politics of the day, no easy feat at the height of the McCarthy era. In 1951, Smolens married Bill Robinson, an African-American actor, and gave birth to their daughter Vicki Sue in 1954. Less than two years later, Marianne Robinson and her husband divorced, primarily due to his drug addiction. She raised their daughter, Vicki Sue, on her own, singing with her at benefit performances while taking secretarial and editorial jobs to pay the bills, usually with progressive labor unions or like-minded activist attorneys. She worked at"Ms. Magazine"for several years, and photographed union meetings and labor protests, . In 1980, Robinson and her partner of many years, Tom Schultz, moved to Berkeley, California where she started a business called Publishing Solutions. In 2010, she published her memoir,"Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Fire,"followed by a book of her photography entitled"Urban Impressions"(2013).