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Pat Carbine papers

Identifier: SSC-MS-00818

Scope and Contents

The collection documents the personal and professional life of Pat Carbine. Includes biographical materials; personal correspondence; files from service on a variety of organization boards; speech texts, correspondence and arrangements about speaking engagements; a small amount about writings; miscellaneous personal files; and desk diaries kept by Pat (1969, 1971, 1972) and her assistant Margaret Hicks (1972). Records related to Carbine's work at Ms. are not included.

Dates of Materials

  • 1968 - 1986


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

To the extent that she owns copyright, Carbine has retained copyright in her works donated to Smith College. Copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, or which may regard materials in the collection not created by Carbine, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical / Historical

Patricia Carbine was one of Ms. Magazine’s founding editors, acting also as a publisher between 1972 and 1987. Carbine, along with Gloria Steinem and Elizabeth (Betty) Harris, was one of the original owners of the Ms. franchise. She played a significant part in convincing Gloria Steinem to pursue publishing a magazine, which would earn more money and compete directly with women’s interest magazines, rather than a newsletter. Carbine came to Ms. with notable experience in and connections to the magazine publishing world, having previously held a position as the executive editor of Look magazine. She played a significant role in spearheading attempts to finance Ms. Magazine. She hoped that Ms. Magazine would provide a “forum” through which women could communicate and aspired to push more mainstream women’s magazines towards a more feminist outlook. As an administrator, she hoped to create a relatively non-hierarchical environment where everyone “[felt] equally close to the center of the circle.”

[Sources: “A Social Experiment in Publishing: Ms. Magazine, 1972-1989,” Amy Erdman Farrell, 1994.]


2.188 linear feet (5 containers)

Language of Materials



The Pat Carbine papers documents the personal and professional life of Pat Carbine, one of Ms. Magazine’s founding editors and their publisher between 1972 and 1987.


The collection is alphabetical, with the exception of the desk diaries located at the end of the collection.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Pat Carbine began to send Ms. Magazine related materials starting in 1988. These materials were added to the Ms. Magazine records. In 2021, as the Ms. Magazine records were processed, materials that were clearly related to Pat Carbine's life outside her work at Ms. Magazine were moved to create this collection.

Related Materials

Pat Carbine's professional papers related to Ms. Magazine are located in the Ms. Magazine records. There is a full run of Ms. in SSC Periodicals Collection. The Schlesinger Library contains the Ms. Magazine letters collection 1972-1980 and the Letters to Ms., 1970-1998. Some of Carbine's collegues at Ms. have their own collections or oral history interviews, including in the Voices of Feminism Oral History Project, the Gloria Steinem papers, and the Letty Pogrebin papers.

Finding Aid to the Pat Carbine papers
Minimum Finding Aid (Completed)
Madeleine Michels
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Finding aid is written in English.

Revision Statements

  • 2021-01-15: Created new collection from a separation from Ms. Magazine records

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Neilson Library
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063