Florence Ellinwood Allen papers
Scope and Contents
Dates of Materials
- 1920 - 1966
- Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Biographical / Historical
Allen started her own legal practice in Cleveland, Ohio and was active in the women's suffrage movement. She was the attorney for the Cleveland Woman Suffrage Party and became the first woman to argue before a supreme court, winning a municipal suffrage case in Ohio. She was also active in the Peace Movement in the 1920s. In 1920, the first year women were constitutionally guaranteed the right to vote, she was elected as judge of the Court of Common Pleas, becoming the first woman in history to be elected to a judicial office. In 1922, she was elected to the Ohio Supreme Court, making her the first woman to serve as a judge of the highest court of a state. She served as an Ohio Supreme Court Judge for almost twelve years and in 1934, President Roosevelt appointed her to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. No woman had previously been appointed to the United States Court of Appeals.
Judge Allen was a popular lecturer and published several books, including Patris, The Treaty as an Instrument of Legislation, and This Constitution of Ours. She was an outspoken opponent of war and wrote extensively on the topic. She was also interested in international law and was a strong advocate for the International Court. She received numerous honors and awards in her lifetime, including honorary degrees from twenty-five colleges and universities, the National Achievement Award in 1938, the Order of the Coif in 1955 by George Washington University, and a citation for advancing the status of women in the legal profession from the National Association of Women Lawyers. In 1959, a portrait of Judge Allen was given to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in honor of her contribution to the law. Judge Allen died at the age of eighty-two in her home in Cleveland, Ohio on September 12, 1966.
2 boxes (.75 linear feet)
Language of Materials
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Allen, Corinne Tuckerman
- Allen, Florence E.
- Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966
- National Congress of Mothers
- Peace movements
- Women -- Suffrage
- Women -- Suffrage -- United States
- Women judges -- United States
- Women lawyers -- United States
- Finding aid to the Florence Ellinwood Allen papers.
- Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2005-09-23: mnsss125 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
- 2017-07-26T17:48:11-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2020-07-16: Finding aid copyedited and brought up to standard as part of Description QC project
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
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