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Frances Crowe papers

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00249

Scope and Contents

Papers document over thirty years of social activism in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts, including activities of local chapters of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Women Against the War, War Resisters' League, and Amnesty International. Extensive records from Crowe's work as the western Massachusetts representative for American Friends' Service Committee (1970s-90s), and numerous subject files, slides, cassettes, film reels, and scrapbooks on a variety of causes. Writings, memorabilia, and printed material document her trip to China in 1974.

Dates

  • 1960 - 2019

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use with following restrictions on access: Researchers must sign Access Agreement form agreeing to not identify living persons without their permission.

Conditions Governing Access

Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections (specialcollections@smith.edu) at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.

Conditions Governing Use

Copyright to unpublished materials may be owned by the creator, or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights. Permission to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use" must also be obtained from the Sophia Smith Collection as owners of the physical property.

Biographical / Historical

Major local leader in peace and social justice activism in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts. Born Carthage, Missouri, 1919; graduated Stephens College (Columbia, MO), 1939; Syracuse University in 1941; graduate work, Columbia University and New School for Social Research. Married Thomas Crowe, 1945, and moved to Northampton, MA so that her son could attend the Clarke School for the Deaf; three children. Previously supported war, but became a pacifist after hearing about the bombing of Hiroshima in 1945. Active in the Society of Friends and the American Friends' Service Committee, particularly the Peace and Social Concerns Committee. Became Western Massachusetts Representative for the AFSC in 1980s. During the Vietnam War she worked as a draft counselor for over 2,000 men. In the 1960s, she founded the Northampton chapter of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; the Sane Nuclear Policy Committee; and the Valley Peace Center in Amherst, MA, both of which she held meetings for in her basement. Also a founding member of the Traprock Peace Center, Deerfield, MA, and the Committee to End Apartheid, Springfield, MA. Attended Quaker Meetings frequently, and organized talks for speakers who passed through town. Crowe participated in numerous protests which have led to over 100 arrests and imprisonments, including one month in federal prison. Had a radio tower built in her backyard to broadcast “Democracy Now!” locally. Protested war by refusing to pay federal income tax and donating that money to Northampton Pubic Schools and peace organizations. She died in Northampton in 2019 at age 100.

Extent

68 boxes (76.155 linear feet)

Overview

Pacifist; Political activist. Papers document over twenty years of social activism in the Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts, including activities of local chapters of the American Friends' Service Committee, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Women Against the War, War Resisters' League, and Amnesty International.

Other Finding Aids

This online finding aid currently provides detailed description of only the most recent additions to this collection. Additional materials are described in unpublished lists that can be sent to you upon request by contacting specialcollections@smith.edu

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was donated by Frances Crowe in 1984-2019.

Related Materials

The records of the American Friends Service Committee of Western Massachusetts are in the Special Collections of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Creator

Source

Title
Finding aid to the Frances Crowe papers
Status
Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
Date
2005, 2019
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
  • 2017-07-26T17:48:14-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
  • 2018-10-25: Updated to conform to DACS
  • 2020-01-17: Added new accession

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Contact:
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton MA 01063