Dorothea de Schweinitz and Louise de Schweinitz (Darrow) papers
Scope and Contents
The collection contains material about both Dorothea de Schweinitz and her sister, Louise de Schweinitz Darrow. The material about Dorothea includes biographical material (including an oral history taken by Jackie van Voris in 1972); correspondence to family documenting her trip to Germany in 1913, where she first learned of class issues, management and labor issues, and was introduced to the field of social work; correspondence with family and friends (1913-1980); an undated diary; publications, and correspondence and clippings pertaining her historic preservation work in Georgetown, D.C. Material of Louise de Schweinitz Darrow's includes letters to her parents (1933-41) and her children (1967-91) and two diaries (1912, 1914). There are also photographs and family history material.
Dates of Materials
- Creation: 1912-1997
- Creation: Majority of material found within 1970-1980
- De Schweinitz, Dorothea, 1891- (Person)
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works by the creator of this collection. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.
Biographical / Historical
Dorothea de Schweinitz (1891-1980) was born in Nazareth, PA. She was the third child of Paul and Mary de Schweinitz. She attended the Moravian Parochial School and graduated from Smith College in 1912. Later she studied at the Universities of Wisconsin and Chicago and obtained her M.A. at Columbia University in 1929. She spent twenty years in employment and vocational guidance work in the YWCA in New York, in developing a Junior Employment Service in the public schools of Philadelphia, in the Industrial Research Department of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and in assisting in the development of a demonstration office in Philadelphia of the Pennsylvania State Employment Service and in research in the U.S. Employment Service in Washington. During this period she wrote two books: How Workers Find Jobs, A Study of 4,000 Hosiert Workers in Philadelphia and Occupations in Retail Stores. She was president of the Philadelphia Vocational Guidance Association in 1924-25 and of the National Vocational Guidance Association in 1925-26. The next twenty years she spent in employer-labor relations as regional director of the National Labor Relations Board in St. Louis, chief of the Committee Standards Branch, War Production Board (an activity concerned with labor-management cooperation through joint production committees) with headquarters in Washington, and as an industrial relations specialist in the Wage Stabilization Board. After World War II she obtained a grant from the Wertheim Committee of Harvard University and in 1949 her book on the war period, Labor and Management in a Common Enterprise, was published by the Harvard University Press. In 1966 her book Labor-Management Consultation in the Factory, the Experience of England, Sweden and Germany, was published. This was the result of a year's independent research in the countries indicated. After retirement de Schweinitz gave her attention to the problems of Georgetown in Washington, D.C. She was instrumental in obtaining the 1950 "Old Georgetown" Act in which the U.S. Congress established Georgetown as a Historic District under the protection of the Commission of Fine Arts. She was also the moving spirit in forming Historic Georgetown, Inc., which rescued from demolition the Thomas Sim Lee buildings at 30th and M Streets. On 27 Feb 1974 de Schweinitz received a Smith College Medal.
Dr. Louise de Schweinitz Darrow was born in Nazareth, PA, in 1898. A 1918 graduate of Smith College, she studied at Columbia University and received her medical degree from Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1924. She practiced medicine at Yale University and the community Health Well Baby Clinics in New Haven CT. and later was the examining physician and patient coordinator in the children's rehabilitation unit of University of Kansas Medical Center. She was active in community affairs. She died at the age of 99, April 3, 1997.
3.042 linear feet (4 containers)
Papers of Louise de Schweinitz Darrow, physician and birth control advocate include correspondence, diaries, photographs and memorabilia. Papers of Dorothea de Schweinitz, social worker and labor researcher, include correspondence documenting her trip to Germany, 1913, where she first learned of class issues, management and labor issues, and an oral history.
This collection has been added to over time in multiple "accessions." An accession is a group of materials received from the same source at approximately the same time.
Between September 2022 and February 2023, Smith College Special Collections renumbered many boxes to eliminate duplicate numbers within collections in order to improve researcher experience. A full crosswalk of old to new numbers is available.
Genre / Form
- Dorothea de Schweinitz and Louise de Schweinitz (Darrow) papers
- Finding Aid
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:14-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063