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Juliet Barrett Rublee papers

Identifier: SSC-MS-00304

Scope and Contents

The bulk of the collection, and its greatest strength, consists of correspondence from Margaret Sanger, circa 1916-1955. There are also photographs and portraits of Juliet Rublee; pamphlets and articles on birth control and other topics; and a Master's thesis, examining the correspondence between Juliet Rublee and Margaret Sanger, by Jane Bowers (1994). A collection of glass slides, used for protesting World War I may be of interest to scholars of pacifism.

Note: The Sanger correspondence was indexed and microfilmed for the Margaret Sanger Papers Project in 1996.

Dates of Materials

  • 1917-1955


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works by the creator of this collection. Copyright to materials created by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Biographical / Historical

Birth control advocate; Pacifist; Feminist. Juliet Barrett eas born in Chicago in 1875. She attended Miss Porter's School in Farmington, CT; she married George Rublee, lawyer and political advisor to Dwight Morrow and later a Wilson appointee to the Federal Trade Commission in 1899. Active in modern dance early in the 20th century, Juliet Rublee became involved in the birth control movement in 1916 after Margaret Sanger's arrest. Thereafter she was Sanger's "closest friend and ally," giving not only of her time but also her personal fortune. She was a strong pacifist at the outbreak of World War I. During the 1920s she branched out even more--in 1925 she led a diving expedition for treasure in the Mediterranean, and at the end of the decade she produced a film on the Mexican Revolution. She spent most of her later years in her Cornish, NH home. Juliet Rublee died in 1966.

According to Margaret Sanger's biographer, Ellen Chesler, "More than any other figure in the country's social establishment, [Juliet Rublee] would be responsible for subsequent changes in the orientation of the birth control movement." (Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America. NY: Anchor Books, 1993).


1.168 linear feet (5 containers)


Birth control advocate; Pacifist; and Feminist. Papers include correspondence, mostly from Margaret Sanger; pamphlets on birth control and other topics; a thesis on Rublee and Sanger correspondence by Jane Bowers (1994); photographs; and glass slides used for protesting World War I.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by George and Ellen Rublee in 1997.

Additional Formats

Correspondence between Juliet Rublee and Margaret Sanger is available on microfilm: The Margaret Sanger Papers: Microfilm Edition; in the Sophia Smith Collection, or through interlibrary loan. For more information see Margaret Sanger Papers Project Web site.

Related Material

Additional material, including correspondence from Juliet Rublee is in the Margaret Sanger Papers.

George Rublee's Papers are at the Dartmouth University Library.

Juliet Barrett Rublee papers
Finding Aid
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (
  • 2017-07-26T17:48:15-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Neilson Library
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063