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Women's International Democratic Federation records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00594

Scope and Contents

The WIDF records are divided into four Series as follows:

I. GENERAL consists of miscellaneous statements, appeals, messages, subscription information, and WIDF's Tenth Anniversary publication (1955).

II. AFFILIATES contains general information, publications, and clippings about WIDF affiliates in China, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia as well as correspondence mostly with Zelma Brandt, co-chairman of the Committee of International Affairs, clippings, reports, and publications of the U.S. affiliate, the Congress of American Women (CAW). CAW materials date from the founding of the organization in 1946 to its investigation by HUAC in 1949.

II. CONGRESSES consists of records of seven congresses sponsored by WIDF between 1945 and 1969. The bulk of this series consists of agenda, financial reports, timetables, reports, speeches and anti-Vietnam War material from the World Congress of Women held in Helsinki in 1969.

III. PUBLICATIONS contains WIDF publications including Eugenie Cotton, a biography of the founder of the WIDF, Documents and Information, News In Brief and Vietnam. Also included are miscellaneous pamphlets and printed material. The WIDF's magazine, Women of the Whole World (1951-91), can be found in the SSC's periodicals collection.

Dates

  • 1945-1979

Creator

Language of Materials

English, French, German

Conditions Governing Access

The records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection

Conditions Governing Access

Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections (specialcollections@smith.edu) at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.

Conditions Governing Use

Owners of the copyright to these records is unknown. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Biographical / Historical

The Women's International Democratic Federation (WIDF) was founded in Paris in 1945 at the International Congress of Women by Eugenie Cotton and Marie-Claude Vaillant-Courturier. It was organized around four major concerns: anti-fascism, international peace, child welfare, and the status of women. In a 1958 interview Eugenie Cotton stated, "It was Fascism that caused the 1939-1945 war and because of this the founders of WIDF stressed their determination to work for the strengthening of democracy in the world. When they demand peace, women think first and foremost of safeguarding the lives of their children." ["Madame Cotton Tells Us"] There were Communists active in the organization and as a result, the American press labeled it as "Communist dominated."

The American affiliate of the WIDF, the Congress of American Women (CAW), was founded in New York City in 1946 to "revive the struggles of the nineteenth century woman's movement and attract women radicalized by their wartime experiences into the larger progressive movement" [Weigand 47] Shortly thereafter CAW established itself as an American branch of the WIDF. In response to the House Un-American Activities Committee's (HUAC) charge that the WIDF was a tool of the Soviet Union, the CAW disaffiliated from the WIDF in December 1949 and voted to disband in 1950.

The WIDF is an ongoing organization. According to its website it has affiliates in 160 countries.

Works Cited

  1. Women of the Whole World, "Madame Cotton Tells Us." April 1958.
  2. Weigand, Kate, Red Feminism: American Communism and the Making of Women's Liberation.

Extent

4 boxes (2 linear feet)

Overview

Pacifist organization, Peace activists. Records contain printed materials dating from the founding in 1946 to its investigation by HUAC in 1949; publications of international affiliates; and records of congresses sponsored by WIDF between 1945 and 1969, primarily from the World Congress of Women held in Helsinki in 1969. Included is a biography of the founder Eugenie Cotton; correspondence of the Congress of American Women (American affiliate); and materials relating to the Vietnam War and International Women's Day.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Zelma Brandt, co-chairman of the Committee of International Affairs, Congress of American Women, donated her records of the WIDF and CAW between 1968 and 1972.

Accruals

Periodic additions to collection are expected and may not be reflected in this record.

Related Materials

Additional WIDF materials can be found in the Sophia Smith Collection in the papers of Mary Metlay Kaufman, Dorothy Kenyon, Mary van Kleeck, and Ruth Frances Woodsmall. WIDF's magazine Women of the Whole World is located with the Periodicals Collection.

Processing Information

Processed by Susan Boone, 2008
Title
Women's International Democratic Federation records
Subtitle
Finding Aid
Author
Finding aid prepared by Susan Boone.
Date
2008
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
Finding aid written in English.

Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
  • 2017-07-26T17:48:15-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
  • Location of donor files
  • Location of finding aid

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Contact:
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton MA 01063