Florence Guertin Tuttle papers
Scope and Contents
The Florence Guertin Tuttle Papers include writings, speeches, research materials, and organizational records. Documents pertain to Tuttle's involvement in organizations such as the American Association for International Cooperation, the American Union Against Militarism, the Woman's Peace Party, and the League of Nations, among others, from the 1910s to the 1940s. Major themes include peace, internationalism, birth control rights, suffrage, women's clubs, and women writers. There is a small amount of biographical material, photographs, memorabilia, and family correspondence; and Tuttle's unpublished autobiography (1948). Notable correspondents include Virginia Gildersleeve, Florence Lamont, Anna Garlin Spencer, and Portia Willis (Berg) Fitzgerald.
Dates of Materials
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
Copyright ownership of Florence Tuttle's writings is unknown. Copyright to materials authored by others may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. Researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Biographical / Historical
Florence Guertin Tuttle was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1869 to Lucy Henry, a descendent of Patrick Henry, and Pierre Guertin, a merchant and French-Canadian immigrant. Educated at a small private school, the Nassau Institute, Guertin was an avid reader and a prolific writer of poems and stories. As a young adult, Guertin was involved in one of the first women's clubs, the Avitas Club, where she was exposed to speakers such as Charlotte Perkins Gilman. In her late twenties she married Frank Day Tuttle (Yale class of 1887) and the couple settled in Brooklyn Heights, New York. Their sons, Day and Guertin Tuttle, were born in 1902 and 1904. When the children were small, Tuttle devoted part of her time to many causes including women's suffrage, the Woman's Peace Party and birth control. In 1915 she published The Awakening of Woman: Suggestions from the Psychic Side of Feminism and in 1917 a collection of stories entitled Give My Love to Maria.
Devastated by the horrors of World War I, Tuttle became a strong advocate for internationalism. In this new role she became Chair of the Women's Pro-League Council in 1920 and attended numerous meetings of the Council of the League of Nations in Geneva. There she befriended many important people such as First Lady Edith Bolling Wilson and Carrie Chapman Catt. During this time she also wrote Women and World Federation (1919) as well as numerous articles and leaflets on world cooperation, economic causes of war, and the League of Nations. In 1932 she was selected by Carrie Chapman Catt to be a delegate to the Disarmament Conference in Geneva. Tuttle was in great demand as a speaker about peace and internationalism. She became the Executive Chairman of the Greater New York Branch of the League of Nations Non-Partisan Association in 1924 and published two more books, including Alternatives to War (1931) before her death in 1951.
3.293 linear feet (10 containers)
The bulk of this collection consists of writings and speeches, research material, and records from Tuttle's involvement in organizations such as the American Association for International Cooperation, the American Union Against Militarism, the Women's Peace Party, and the League of Nations, among others, circa 1910s-1940s. Major themes include peace, internationalism, birth control rights, suffrage, women's clubs, and women writers. Significant correspondents include Virginia Gildersleeve, Florence Lamont, Anna Garlin Spencer, and Portia Willis (Berg) Fitzgerald. There is a small amount of biographical material, photographs, memorabilia, and family correspondence; and Tuttle's unpublished autobiography (1948).
This collection is organized into four series:
- BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS
- WRITINGS AND SPEECHES
- ORGANIZATIONS AND CONFERENCES
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Frank Day Tuttle donated his mother's papers to the Sophia Smith Collection from 1951-62. Reprocessed by Kelsey Radwilowicz, 2007.
- Feminists -- United States
- Fitzgerald, Portia Willis--Correspondence
- Gildersleeve, Virginia Crocheron, 1877--Correspondence
- International cooperation
- Lamont, Florence Haskell Corliss, 1873-52--Correspondence
- League of Nations
- Peace movements
- Peace movements -- 20th century
- Spencer, Anna Garlin, 1851-31--Correspondence
- Tuttle, Florence Guertin, 1869-1951
- Tuttle, Frank Day
- Woman's Peace Party
- Women -- International cooperation
- Women and peace -- 20th century
- Women's rights -- 20th century
- Florence Guertin Tuttle papers
- Finding Aid
- Finding aid prepared by Kelsey Radwilowicz
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:15-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2022-03-02: Integrated description of oversized materials
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063