International Alliance of Women records
Scope and Contents
Approximately half of the collection consists of programs and other material related to biennial conferences, in particular the 12th Congress held in Istanbul, 1935. Material from this Congress includes committee reports and resolutions, correspondence, programs, publicity, speeches, and memorabilia. Documentation for other congresses is more sparse, consisting mainly of programs. There are also official conference reports (1906-61) and general documents such as agendas, publicity, position papers, newsletters, and printed material. Major topics addressed include women's rights, women's suffrage, the international women's movement, peace, and the United Nations.
Dates of Materials
- 1906 - 2009
- Majority of material found within 1913 - 1973
- International Alliance of Women (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
The International Alliance of Women Records are open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection with the following exception: Electronic documents (on CD) and printouts, 1999-2007, are closed until January 1, 2023, per donor instructions.
Conditions Governing Use
To the extent that they own copyright, the International Alliance of Women has retained copyright in its works donated to Smith College. Copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, or which may regard materials in the collection not created by the International Alliance of Women, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Biographical / Historical
At a 1902 meeting in Washington, D.C., delegates from ten countries, believing that a new international organization devoted to women's suffrage was needed, planned to meet in Berlin to form a permanent organization. Delegates from eight nations founded the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA) in 1904 as an unconditionally pro-suffrage and explicitly feminist alternative to the International Council of Women, which had failed to take a clear pro-suffrage position. The Alliance established suffrage as its primary goal from the beginning and maintained votes for women as its sole concern until just before World War I. Beginning in 1913 the group began to address wider issues including prostitution, peace, equal pay, women's right to employment, the nationality of married women, and slavery. In 1915, individual members of IWSA from warring countries had met in the Hague and were instrumental in setting up what has become another highly regarded sister organization, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.
By the 1920s the Alliance was divided into groups of enfranchised and disenfranchised women and, although it continued to press for woman suffrage in countries without it, the organization also adopted peace and equality as major goals. Changing its name to the International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship in the late 1920s, the group, headed by Margery Corbett Ashby, maintained its commitment to peace throughout the inter-war period. Although it became increasingly similar to the International Council of Women after the 1910s it stubbornly maintained its separate structure and identity. Emerging intact out of the chaos of World War II the organization adopted a program of peace, democracy, women's rights, and support for the United Nations. In 1946 the name International Alliance of Women was adopted with the sub-title Equal Rights - Equal Responsibilities.
In its present-day work the IAW "affirms that full and equal enjoyment of human rights is due to all women and girls. The IAW maintains that a prerequisite to securing these rights is the universal ratification and implementation without reservation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). The importance and value of women's contributions as equal partners has been acknowledged in numerous United Nations World Conferences held during the past decades." [Source: IAW Web site http://www.womenalliance.org/history.html]
2.647 linear feet (8 containers)
Language of Materials
Approximately half of the collection consists of programs and other material related to biennial conferences, in particular the 12th Congress held in Istanbul, 1935. Material from this Congress includes committee reports and resolutions, correspondence, programs, publicity, speeches, and memorabilia. Documentation for other conferences is more sparse, consisting mainly of programs. There are also official conference reports (1906-61) and general documents such as agendas, publicity, position papers, newsletters, and printed material. Major topics addressed include women's rights, women's suffrage, the international women's movement, peace, and the United Nations.
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
This collection contains materials received from the donor in digital form that are not currently available online. Please consult with Special Collections staff to request access to this digital content.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The International Alliance of Women records were given to the Sophia Smith Collection by Louisa Fast, Smith College Class of 1898 from 1960 to 1965. Additional materials were donated by Alison Brown, 2008.
Processed by Carrie Baldwin, Fraenkel intern, 2008.
The contents of computer media in this collection has been copied to networked storage for preservation and access; the original directory and file structure was retained and file lists were created.
- Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947
- Computer media
- Electronic records
- Feminists -- 20th century
- International Alliance of Women
- International Alliance of Women
- International Woman Suffrage Alliance
- International cooperation
- Peace movements -- 20th century
- Peters, N. Marijke
- Women -- International cooperation
- Women -- Suffrage -- United States
- Women -- Turkey -- 20th century
- Women and peace -- 20th century
- Women's rights
- Women's suffrage
- photograph albums
- International Alliance of Women records
- Finding Aid
- Finding aid prepared by Carrie Baldwin, Fraenkel Intern.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:16-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2020-06-30: Description added for born-digital content.
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063