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Edris Rice-Wray Oral History, Interviewed by Ellen Chesler and James Reed

 Collection — Box: SSC Shared 5
Identifier: SSC-MS-00436

Scope and Contents

Two oral histories conducted by James Reed and Ellen Chesler in 1987 (audio recording and draft transcript, 69 pages).

Dates of Materials

  • 1987 March 14


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

This oral history is open to research according to the regulations of the Sophia Smith Collection.

Conditions Governing Access

Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections ( at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.

Conditions Governing Use

To the extent that she owns copyright, Ellen Chesler has dedicated copyright in this oral history to the public domain. This agreement is governed by a CC0 (Creative Commons 1.0 Universal) public domain dedication.

Conditions Governing Use

To the extent that he owned copyright, James Reed has dedicated copyright in his materials to the public domain. This agreement is governed by a CC0 (Creative Commons 1.0 Universal) public domain dedication. Copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by James Reed, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical / Historical

Birth control advocate; Physician. Edris Roushan Rice-Wray Carson, M.D. (birth date unknown) attended Cornell University, where she was a member of the Alpha Phi sorority, and was a public health physician, primarily in Central America and Mexico. She was a faculty member of the Puerto Rico Medical School and medical director of the Puerto Rico Family Planning Association. She founded Mexico's first family planning clinic in Mexico City. In the late 1950s she headed the first, large scale, clinical trials of the birth control pill developed by Gregory Pincus and John Rock. She was the recipient of Planned Parenthood Federation of America's Margaret Sanger Award in 1978. She was of the Bahá'í faith. During the last days of her life, she lived in Cholula, Puebla, Mexico, and died at her home on February 19, 1990 in San Andres Cholula, accompanied by her daughters and grandchildren, where her surviving family still live.


0.229 linear feet (1 container)


Two oral histories of birth control advocate and physician Edris Rice-Wray, who founded Mexico's first family planning clinic in Mexico City. Includes audio tapes and one draft transcript.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

As a preservation measure, researchers must use digital copies of audiovisual materials in this collection. Please consult with Special Collections staff or email to request the creation of and access to digital copies.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source unknown.

Existence and Location of Copies

Original audio recordings have been copied to digital files for research use.


Finding Aid to the Edris Rice-Wray oral history
Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
Scott Biddle
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (
  • 2017-07-26T17:48:16-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
  • 2020-06-17: Added interview and updated notes

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton MA 01063