Scope and Contents
The Carol Leonard Papers consist of 3 linear ft., and date from 1966 to 2008. They offer a glimpse into the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, clippings, articles, photographs, case files, surveys, legal documents, and writings. They document the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients expressing gratittude and describing their experiences and feelings following childbirth; clippings and articles about her; documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to observe childbirth practices and to help improve maternity care there. There are also records of Leonard's work with the New Hampshire Division of Public Health in formalizing the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in that state; general information about the practice and legal status of midwifery in New Hampshire, the U.S. and other countries; materials pertaining to Leonard's involvement in several midwifery practices, as well as correspondence and printed materials pertaining to the early years of the Midwives Alliance of North America. Materials pertaining to Carol Leonard's writings include a pre-publication copy of her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife. There are also photographs of Leonard, her clients, family and friends.
Dates of Materials
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
Researchers must sign Access Agreement form to protect the privacy of third-party individuals. New accessions closed until processed. Some photographs are closed (have been separated out). Original AV and born-digital materials may not be used; research use copies must be made.
Conditions Governing Access
Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections (email@example.com) at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.
Conditions Governing Use
The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the papers, with the exception of Leonard's book, Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife, to which she has retained rights. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Carol Leonard (including Elizabeth Davis, co-author of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power) may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.
Biographical / Historical
Carol Leonard was born in Bangor, Maine on June 10, 1950. She received a B.S. in biology from New England College in Henniker, New Hampshire in 1974. She trained as a midwife from 1975 to 1977 with Dr. Francis Brown and has been a practicing midwife since 1978. In 1979 she co-founded the Concord (New Hampshire) Midwifery Service, where she practiced until 1987. In 2000, she founded the Longmeadow Farm Midwifery Service and Birthing Home at her farm in Hopkinton, New Hampshire, one of only two midwife-owned and operated, free-standing birth centers in the state. Leonard was a board member of the New Hampshire Feminist Health Center, where she trained and was a well-woman health care provider, as well. She was the first midwife certified to practice in New Hampshire (1985) and a charter member of the Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA) (1982). Through the years she held numerous positions within MANA and was elected president of the organization in 1986. In 1984 Leonard received the Bronze Medal for Bravery from the Australian government for saving a man's life, and in 1990 she went to the former Soviet Union to study birthing practices. This trip was videotaped and featured on ABC's 20/20 in April 1991. Leonard is on the faculty of Birthwise Midwifery School in Bridgton, Maine, a nationally accredited program. She is the author of Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife (2008), co-author, with Elizabeth Davis, of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power (1996), and published a two-part series on menopause titled Women of the Thirteenth Moon: The Baby Boomer's Survival Guide to Menopause.
11 boxes (4.75 linear feet)