Carol Leonard papers
Scope and Contents
The Carol Leonard Papers offer a glimpse into the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, clippings, articles, photographs, case files, surveys, legal documents, and writings. They document the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients expressing gratittude and describing their experiences and feelings following childbirth; clippings and articles about her; documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to observe childbirth practices and to help improve maternity care there. There are also records of Leonard's work with the New Hampshire Division of Public Health in formalizing the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in that state; general information about the practice and legal status of midwifery in New Hampshire, the U.S. and other countries; materials pertaining to Leonard's involvement in several midwifery practices, as well as correspondence and printed materials pertaining to the early years of the Midwives Alliance of North America. Materials pertaining to Carol Leonard's writings include a pre-publication copy of her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife. There are also photographs of Leonard, her clients, family and friends.
Dates of Materials
- Leonard, Carol (Person)
Language of Materials
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use with the following restrictions on access:
Researchers must sign Access Agreement form to protect the privacy of third-party individuals. New accessions closed until processed. Some photographs are closed (have been separated out).
Conditions Governing Use
The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the papers, with the exception of Leonard's book, Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife, to which she has retained rights. Permission must be obtained to publish reproductions or quotations beyond "fair use." Copyright to materials authored by persons other than Carol Leonard (including Elizabeth Davis, co-author of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power) may be owned by those individuals or their heirs or assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.
Biographical / Historical
Carol Leonard was born in Bangor, Maine on June 10, 1950. She received a B.S. in biology from New England College in Henniker, New Hampshire in 1974. She trained as a midwife from 1975 to 1977 with Dr. Francis Brown and has been a practicing midwife since 1978. In 1979 she co-founded the Concord (New Hampshire) Midwifery Service, where she practiced until 1987. In 2000, she founded the Longmeadow Farm Midwifery Service and Birthing Home at her farm in Hopkinton, New Hampshire, one of only two midwife-owned and operated, free-standing birth centers in the state. Leonard was a board member of the New Hampshire Feminist Health Center, where she trained and was a well-woman health care provider, as well. She was the first midwife certified to practice in New Hampshire (1985) and a charter member of the Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA) (1982). Through the years she held numerous positions within MANA and was elected president of the organization in 1986. In 1984 Leonard received the Bronze Medal for Bravery from the Australian government for saving a man's life, and in 1990 she went to the former Soviet Union to study birthing practices. This trip was videotaped and featured on ABC's 20/20 in April 1991. Leonard is on the faculty of Birthwise Midwifery School in Bridgton, Maine, a nationally accredited program. She is the author of Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife (2008), co-author, with Elizabeth Davis, of Women's Wheel of Life: Thirteen Archetypes of Woman at Her Fullest Power (1996), and published a two-part series on menopause titled Women of the Thirteenth Moon: The Baby Boomer's Survival Guide to Menopause.
7.458 linear feet (12 containers)
Midwife. The Carol Leonard Papers document the general practice of midwifery, the legal status of lay midwifery in the State of New Hampshire, and Leonard's profession as a midwife. Types of materials include correspondence, primarily from Leonard's clients expressing gratittude and describing their experiences and feelings following childbirth; photographs; documentation of her travel to Russia in 1990 to help improve maternity care there; records of Leonard's work towards the legalization and regulation of lay midwifery in New Hampshire; general information about the practice and legal status of midwifery in New Hampshire, the U.S. and other countries; materials pertaining to the Midwives Alliance of North America; and Carol Leonard's writings including her book Lady's Hands, Lions Heart: Memoirs of a Midwife.
This collection is organized into four series:
- SERIES I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS
- SERIES II. CORRESPONDENCE
- SERIES III. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES
- SERIES IV. WRITINGS
This collection has been added to over time in multiple "accessions." An accession is a group of materials received from the same source at approximately the same time. Note that in most cases, container numbers start over at 1 with each new accession.
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
As a preservation measure, researchers must use digital copies of audiovisual materials in this collection. Please consult with Special Collections staff or email firstname.lastname@example.org to request the creation of and access to digital copies.
Other Finding Aids
One or more content listings to individual accessions in this collection are available for download. Links can be found in the description of the individual accessions.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donated by Carol Leonard, 1991-2014.
This is a continuing collection to which materials will be added from time to time.
Processed by Burd Schlessinger, 2008
Starting in September 2022, Smith College Special Collections will be renumbering many boxes to eliminate duplicate numbers within collections in order to improve researcher experience. A full crosswalk of old to new numbers is available.
- Childbirth -- United States -- 20th century
- Computer media
- Leonard, Carol
- Midwifery -- United States -- 20th century
- Midwives' Alliance of North America
- Organization files
- Reproductive and sexual health
- Carol Leonard papers
- Finding Aid
- Finding aid prepared by Burd Schlessinger.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:20-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2022-03-02: Integrated description of oversized materials
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063