Anne Morrow Lindbergh papers
Scope and Contents
The Anne Morrow Lindbergh Papers consist of 81 linear feet of material (162 boxes), with the majority of the papers concerning Anne's life and career from the late-1920s to the 1970s.
Abbreviations used in the collection: AML (Anne Morrow Lindbergh); CAL (Charles Augustus Lindbergh), ECM (Elizabeth Cutter Morrow); ELLL (Evangeline Lodge Land Lindbergh); CCM (Constance Cutter Morgan); and EMM (Elisabeth Morrow Morgan)
Dates of Materials
- Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001 (Person)
Language of Materials
English and French
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
To the extent that they own copyright, the Lindbergh estate has retained copyright in Morrow/Lindbergh family members' works donated to Smith College. Copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For those few instances beyond fair use, or which may regard materials in the collection not created by Morrow/Lindbergh family members, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Biographical / Historical
Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh was born in Englewood, New Jersey on 22 June 1906, the daughter of ambassador and politician Dwight Morrow and author and Smith College president Elizabeth Cutter Morrow. From 1924-1928 Anne studied literature at Smith College, where she graduated in 1928 with a bachelor's degree in English. In May 1929, after a brief courting period, Anne married Charles Augustus Lindbergh (1902-1974). Anne had met Lindbergh in Mexico in 1927, while her father was serving as ambassador. With Charles, she had six children: Charles Augustus, Jr. (1930-1932), Jon (1932-), Land (1937-), Anne (1940-1993), Scott (1942-), and Reeve (1945-).
In March 1932 Anne's first child, Charles, Jr. ("Charlie"), who was twenty months old, was kidnapped from the Lindberghs' home near Hopewell, New Jersey. The press dubbed the kidnapping the "Crime of the Century." In May 1932 after a seventy-two day search, Charles was found dead in a shallow grave only three miles from the Lindbergh estate. In 1936 Bruno Richard Hauptmann, a German immigrant, convicted criminal, and World War I veteran, was executed by the state of New Jersey for the murder of the Lindbergh baby. In December 1936 the Lindbergh's fled America for England to escape harassment by the press and the general public. In April 1939, with war looming in Europe, the Lindberghs returned home to the United States.
In 1934 Anne published her first book, North to the Orient, based on her flights to China and Japan with Charles in 1931. In 1938, she published her second book, The Listen! The Wind, inspired by her visit to Santiago in the Cape Verde Islands, near the coast of Africa. In 1940 she published her most controversial work, Wave of the Future, which critics--in light of Charles' involvement with the America First movement and the Lindberghs' visits to Germany to meet with high-ranking Nazi officials--considered pro-fascist. Despite such criticism, Anne kept writing, publishing the novel The Steep Ascent in 1944, a thinly-veiled fictitious account of a woman aviator flying with her husband over Europe. In 1955 Anne published her classic work and bestseller Gift from the Sea, which called for women and mothers to seek moments of peace, solitude, and introspection amid the busy realties of modern life.
In addition to her novels and other creative writing, Anne published a significant amount of poetry, including her collection The Unicorn (1956). In 1962 she published the novel Dearly Beloved, concerning the troubles involved in love, relationships, and married life. Later, she published a compendium of essays for Life magazine, issued as Earth Shine. In the 1970s Harcourt Brace publishers, with the help of Anne and Charles, issued volumes containing excerpts from Anne's correspondence and diaries: Bring Me a Unicorn (1971); Hour of Gold, Hour of Lead (1973); Locked Rooms and Open Doors (1974); The Flower and the Nettle (1976); and War Within and Without (1980). Anne lived in Maui with Charles until his death in August 1974 and later moved to Connecticut. Anne Morrow Lindbergh died in 2001.
75.272 linear feet (166 containers)
Author; Poet; Aviator. Papers consist of correspondence, diaries, writings, photographs, memorabila, scrapbooks, and printed materials. The writings series includes notes, manuscript drafts, galley proofs, published works, correspondence, reviews, clippings, and other materials collected by Anne Morrow Lindbergh, Charles Lindbergh, family members, and editors during the composition of AML's works, especially North to the Orient, Gift from the Sea, Dearly Beloved, Earth Shine, and the five volume collection of her letters and diaries. Files on Gift from the Sea include hundreds of letters from readers, mostly women. These letters provide an interesting look at American attitudes toward life and work in the 1950s. Notable correspondents include her husband Charles A. Lindbergh; mother Elizabeth Cutter Morrow; sisters Elisabeth Morrow Morgan and Constance Morrow Morgan; Margaret "Monte" Millar, Ruth Oliff Thomas, Sue Beck Vaillant, and Lucia Valentine.
Organization of the Collection
This collection is organized into five series:
- I. BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS (1917-80, n.d.)
- II. DIARIES (1916-58)
- III. CORRESPONDENCE (1910-87)
- IV. WRITINGS (1935-80)
- V. CHARLES LINDBERGH (1912-71)
This collection has been added to over time in multiple "accessions." An accession is a group of materials received from the same source at approximately the same time. Note that in most cases, container numbers start over at 1 with each new accession.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The Anne Spencer Morrow Lindbergh's Papers were originally part of the much larger Morrow Family Papers, first donated to Smith College in 1955.
Processed by Colin Woodward, 2011
Starting in September 2022, Smith College Special Collections will be renumbering many boxes to eliminate duplicate numbers within collections in order to improve researcher experience. The following changes will be made in this collection: Accession 2017-S-0021, Boxes 1-2 renumbered as Boxes 163-164
- Air travel -- United States -- 20th century
- Europe -- Description and travel
- Europe -- Description and travel
- Family -- United States -- 20th century
- Family -- United States -- 20th century
- Financial records
- Galley proofs
- Hauptmann, Bruno Richard, 1899-1936-- Kidnapping
- International cooperation
- Lindbergh family
- Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001
- Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974
- Lindbergh, Charles Augustus, 1930-1932 -- Kidnapping
- Morgan, Constance Morrow
- Morgan, Elisabeth Morrow, 1904-1934
- Morrow family
- Morrow, Elizabeth Reeve Cutter, 1873-1955
- Significant others
- Upper class families -- United States
- Women authors
- Women authors, American -- 20th century
- Women in aeronautics
- Women poets, American -- 20th century
- Women travelers -- 20th century
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives, American
- Anne Morrow Lindbergh papers
- Finding Aid
- Finding aid prepared by Colin Woodward
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Anne Morrow Lindbergh estate
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:20-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2021-12-09: Integrated Series VI: Additional Materials into appropriate series
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063