Carol Hutchings Maynard papers
Scope and Contents
The Carol Hutchings Maynard Papers document diverse facets of her unconventional life, from the suffrage campaigns of her youth to the artistic output of her later years. Materials pertaining to the Maynard family history can be found in photographs, many of which are unidentified, and in a small amount of family correspondence. There are also photos and biographical material about Carol Hutchings Maynard. Her civic interests are reflected in a small amount of correspondence pertaining to Putney town and school issues in the 1960s. The newspaper clippings labeled "Trip West" were presumably collected during her travels as an itinerant laborer. Materials related to Maynard's art and her career as a farmer and educator showcase an unusual set of interests and talents. Maynard retained clippings and correspondence from her difficult tenure at a South Carolina reform school. Papers from the Massachusetts Refomatory for Women feature writing assignments completed by inmates. Creative output includes poetry written largely from the 1930s and 1950s, drawings and prints, and a short memoir. The scrapbooks are exceptional resources for memorabilia, photographs, and clippings from Maynard's time as a suffrage activist, a "farmerette" of the Women's Land Army, and an employee of the Montrose School for Girls.
Dates of Materials
- Creation: 1905 - 2002
- Maynard, Carol Hutchings, 1895-1973 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to the unpublished works in this collection created by Carol Maynard; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Maynard, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Biographical / Historical
Carol Hutchings Maynard, known as "Hutch," was born to Caroline (Baxter) and Edwin Maynard in Mount Vernon, New York on 15 August 1895. The second of five children, she was raised in Worcester, Massachusetts. She graduated from Classical High School in 1915. Following graduation, Maynard settled in New York City, where she became active in the campaign for women's suffrage, canvassing and marching on behalf of New York suffrage leagues. Her work was publicized in Worcester newspapers. In 1918, she enlisted in the Woman's Land Army of America, a war-time venture that trained women to perform agricultural labor. The colloquially termed "farmerettes" were deployed to replace male farm workers engaged by the war. Maynard completed Land Army training at Wellesley College and was stationed at Bedford, New York. After the war, she traveled west as a self- described vagabond, settling in Alaska for a period of time in the early 1920s. There, she lived alone and took work in the salmon canneries.
From the 1930s forward, Maynard was employed as an educator and agriculturalist at a series of secondary schools. This phase of her career started at women's reform institutions. She was hired by the South Carolina State Industrial School for Girls in 1928 but was soon dismissed by the state governor in a controversial case targeting the institution's leadership. Subsequently, she took employment at the Montrose School for Girls in Reistertown, Maryland. In 1935, Maynard applied for a position with the farm program at the newly opened Putney School, a preparatory high school in Vermont that emphasized progressive ideals and manual labor. Initially camouflaging her gender by submitting an application under the name "C.H. Maynard," Maynard was hired to manage the school's farm. She also supervised the student work program, which was the labor-oriented segment of the curriculum. In the late 1930s, Maynard took a hiatus from Putney, worked at the Massachusetts Reformatory for Women in Framingham, and returned to Putney in 1944. Her association with the Putney School continued for the remainder of her life.
In her positions at each of these educational institutions, Maynard combined her passions for agriculture, animal husbandry, and creative writing. She encouraged her students to do the same, offering instruction in dairying and poetry alike. Maynard herself was an artist, dramatist, and a prolific poet. Her poetry frequently focused on agricultural life--animals, plants and seasons--but was far-ranging, touching upon love, loss, and the arts. From the 1940s to the 1960s, she developed the farming side of her career as a tester for the Vermont Dairy Herd Improvement Association. She also was involved in the 4-H and was active in civic life, serving as a member of the town's school board and planning commission. She took particular interest in the town and school gardens, and after her death, the Hutch Maynard Fund was started at the Putney School to support its greenhouse. Hutch Maynard died on January 7, 1973 at the age of 77.
2.083 linear feet (3 containers)
Language of Materials
Farmer; Teacher; Poet; Suffragist. Papers document an unconventional life, from suffrage campaigns of her youth to the artistic output of her later years. Materials related to Maynard's art and her career as a farmer and educator showcase an unusual set of interests and talents. Maynard retained clippings and correspondence from her difficult tenure at a South Carolina reform school. Papers from the Massachusetts Refomatory for Women feature writing assignments completed by inmates. Creative output includes poetry written largely from the 1930s and 1950s, drawings and prints, and a short memoir. The scrapbooks are exceptional resources for memorabilia, photographs, and clippings from Maynard's time as a suffrage activist, a "farmerette" of the Women's Land Army, and an employee of the Montrose School for Girls.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The Carol Maynard Papers were donated to the Sophia Smith Collection in 2011 by her executor Elizabeth Mills.
Accessioned by Amanda Izzo, April 2011
Genre / Form
- Biographical notes
- Farm life -- Vermont -- 20th century
- Juvenile delinquency -- United States
- Poets, American -- 20th century
- Reformatories for women -- Massachusetts
- Rural women
- Single women -- United States
- Women -- Suffrage -- New York (state)
- Women adventurers -- 20th century
- Women artists -- United States
- Women authors, American -- 20th century
- Women farmers -- United States -- 20th century
- Women poets, American -- 20th century
- Women prisoners
- Women's suffrage
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Women -- United States -- Personal narratives
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- United States -- Personal narratives
- Carol Hutchings Maynard papers
- Finding Aid
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2017-07-26T17:48:21-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
- 2021-07-02: Content description added from accession inventory
Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063