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Nkenge Touré papers

Identifier: SSC-MS-00563

Scope and Contents

The Nkenge Touré papers consist of 5.25 linear ft. of files pertaining to Touré's activism in health reform and civil and political rights for African American women. The files are primarily related to her professional and public life. Types of material include brochures, correspondence, news clippings, newsletters, notes, photographs, posters, publications, journal and newspaper articles, and audiocassettes. The papers are arranged in seven series:


The bulk of the papers date from 1980 to 2004 and focus on Touré's organizational work, conference attendance, and radio broadcasting. Touré's thirteen years at the D.C. Rape Crisis Center are well documented, as is the founding of the International Council of African Women (ICAW), her work with SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective, and her role in organizing the 2004 March for Women's Lives. There is a small amount of material on the Black Panther Party, including a scrapbook of photographs and news clippings from the late 1960's, the time of the beginning of Touré's activism. There is extensive material on Touré's shows on Washington, D.C.'s WPFW radio, including many scripts from and recordings of her long-running show "In Our Voices." Her attendance and presentations at many conferences is well documented. The papers also contain several essays and many original speeches and workshop outlines.

Dates of Materials

  • Creation: 1968-2014


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The Sophia Smith Collection owns copyright to unpublished works in this collection created by Nkenge Touré. However, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Touré, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical / Historical

Nkenge Touré is a self-proclaimed "Diva of Decent." She was born Anita Stroud on March 5, 1951 to parents Juanita King and John Stroud. She has two younger brothers. Stroud grew up in public housing in Baltimore, Maryland, in a female-headed household.

At Eastern High School in the late 1960's, Stroud and a few girls founded an underground student activist group called the Black Voice to protest institutionalized racism in her majority white school. This time period marked the beginning of Stroud's activist life, as well as her first experiences with police brutality at the age of seventeen. The members of the Black Voice were forcibly arrested for their role in organizing what became a large-scale student strike of local schools. Stroud was given the option to receive her high school diploma only if she apologized for her activism. She refused, and later earned a GED. In her latter high school years, Stroud became involved with Baltimore's Soul School and the Black Panther Party, which she went on to join. She was a member of the Party from 1970-1973, working in several chapters, including Washington, D.C.

She married John Wesley Stevens, also a Party member, and they took the names Nkenge and Patrice Touré. They had two daughters, Trina Stevens and Kianga Stroud. When many of the members of the D.C. Black Panthers chapter went to California to work on the mayoral and City Council campaigns of Bobby Seale and Elaine Brown in 1973, Touré and her husband stayed behind in D.C. They founded Save the People (STP) and ran the Education for Liberation Bookstore on 9th and H. Save The People was asked to sell The Black Panther, the Party's newspaper in the party's absence as well as continue providing free meals, health care, and education to the community.

In 1974 she became the second Black woman to join the staff of the D.C. Rape Crisis Center. Touré worked at the Center for thirteen years, serving as General Administrator and Director of Community Education. She wrote anti-sexual assault curricula for students, spoke widely, worked on their rape crisis hotline, and appeared regularly in the media. She pioneered DC's Anti-Rape Week and Coalition for a Hassle Free Zone, an anti-street harassment campaign. Nkenge and Patrice Touré were divorced in 1979.

Touré was one of the co-founders of the Women's Section of the National Black United Front, defending women's rights within Black Nationalist politics and ensuring their issues were represented. In 1982, Touré co-founded the International Council of African Women (ICAW) with Loretta Ross to prepare a delegation of American women to attend the 1985 United Nations Conference on Women in Nairobi, Kenya. ICAW was the primary source providing information, support, and encouragement to African American women to organize delegations and attend the "Herstoric" conference. She was President of the D.C. Chapter of the National Black Women's Health Project (now Black Women's Health Imperative) from 1987-1994.

Since leaving the D.C. Rape Crisis Center in 1988, Touré has hosted her own weekly radio show, "In Our Voices," which serves as a platform for the voices and issues of women on D.C. radio station WPFW. She and guests discuss issues from the perspective that any issue is a women's issue. Also at WPFW, Touré served as the Executive Producer of Sophie's Parlor, the oldest women's music and politics collective in the United States. Since 1990 she has been working with women substance abusers, women living with HIV/AIDS, women and children residing in transitional housing, and babies born with HIV. Touré has been a weekend volunteer and served on the board of My Sister's Place, a shelter for battered women and their children, and on the board of the National Center for Human Rights Education. She has been active with SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective.

Touré has received numerous awards for her ongoing hard work and commitment to human rights and justice for women of color in the D.C. area and worldwide. Her writings on these subjects can be read in a number of publications including Aegis and Vital Signs. She has also spoken widely at rallies, speak outs, and conferences. She is committed to ending all forms of violence against women--psychological, cultural, racial, economic, state, sexual, and physical. She has described herself as both passionate and compassionate, a mother, grandmother, feminist, and warrior for her people.


6.188 linear feet (11 containers)

10.04 Gigabytes (23 digital files)


Political activist; Health reformer; Feminist; Civil rights activist. The papers consist of extensive files pertaining to Nkenge Touré's activism in health reform and civil and political rights for African American women. SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective and the D.C. Rape Crisis Center are well-documented, as are many conferences and workshops in which Touré participated. Touré's international work in these fields is also represented, and there is a small amount of material about the Black Panthers. Tapes of Touré's radio program, In Our Voices, are also included.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated by Nkenge Touré, 2007 and 2016.

Related Materials

Related can be found in the collections:

Processing Information

Processed by Hanna Pennington, 2015.

Nkenge Touré papers
Finding Aid
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Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
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Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (
  • 2017-07-26T17:48:22-04:00: This record was migrated from InMagic DB Textworks to ArchivesSpace.
  • 2022-03-04: Integrated description of oversized materials
  • 2022-06-27: Added description and links to content from 2016-S-0063. Updated collection-level description as needed

Repository Details

Part of the Sophia Smith Collection of Women's History Repository

Neilson Library
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063