Skip to main content

Michael and Betsy Kraft collection of Paul Roche papers

Identifier: MRBC-MS-00434

Content Description

Includes typescripts of drafts by poet Paul Roche, handwritten letters and enclosures (photographs, brochures, event pamphlets) sent to Michael and Betsy Kraft by Paul Roche, and an original drawing (framed) by artist Duncan Grant that was purchased by the Krafts in 1999.

Dates of Materials

  • 1963-2004


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

To the extent that they own copyright, the Krafts have assigned the copyright in their works to Smith College; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by the Krafts, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical / Historical

The Bloomsbury Group was an informal collective of intellectuals, mostly associated with Cambridge University and Kings College London, who banded together in the Bloomsbury district of London as intellectuals and supporters of the arts. Its memebers were artists, art critics, writers, and poets, and included (among others) Virginia and Leonard Woolf, Vanessa and Clive Bell, Duncan Grant, and John Maynard Keynes. The original group was most active between the early 1900s and the 1930s. As they were politically leftist, promoters of personal enjoyment as opposed to Victorian social habits, and post-impressionist artists, they were controversial at the time of their operation.

Duncan Grant and Paul Roche (a member of the later iteration of the Bloomsbury Group) became close friends in the 1970s and took trips together around the world until Grant's death that Paul Roche documented extensively in journals that he later published. Roche was also a member of the Smith College English department in the 1950s, where he met and worked with Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes.

Michael and Betsy Kraft were friends of Paul Roche's and supporters of his work; this collection contains a sample of their correspondence and works Paul Roche sent to them in his letters.


0.229 linear feet (1 container)


Includes typescripts of drafts by poet Paul Roche, handwritten letters and enclosures (photographs, brochures, event pamphlets), and an original drawing by artist Duncan Grant. The materials relate primarily to Paul Roche, a member of the Bloomsbury Group, close friend of Duncan Grant, and member of the Smith College English department in the 1950s.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Michael and Betsy Kraft


These materials were accepted to bolster our materials related to the Bloomsbury Group, of which Paul Roche and Duncan Grant were members. The published books were accepted to add to our Bloomsbury Group publications and, in the case of 10 of them, as examples of printing and bookbinding by the Writers Workshop in 1990s-2000s India.

Processing Information

Correspondence was removed from envelopes and filed according to year. Enclosed writings were removed and filed separately; other enclosed materials were left with the correspondence they accompanied. Original art by Duncan Grant was removed from its frame.

Finding aid to the Michael and Betsy Kraft collection of Paul Roche papers
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Mortimer Rare Book Collection Repository

Neilson Library
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063