Ancient Order of Hibernians records
Scope and Contents
The collection contains correspondence, membership lists, photographs, songs and poems, and a scrapbook.
Dates of Materials
- Creation: 1890 - 1966
- Ancient Order of Hibernians (Smith College) (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.
Biographical / Historical
Founded at Smith College in 1890, the Ancient Order of Hibernians (A.O.H.) was a secret society devoted to "the maintenance of devilish wit and the promotion of hellish spirit in the college." A spoof upon "The Hibernians," a fraternal order of Irish Roman Catholics promoting unity, friendship, and charity among its members, which began in Ireland during the 1500's, A.O.H.'s patron saint was St. Patrick, its color was green, and its emblem was the shamrock. From its founding, the society enjoyed an intense rivalry with fellow secret society, the Orangemen, or O.O. Both societies would compete for members and reputation and each society would attempt to "swipe" the other's "sacred book." Membership in the A.O.H. was limited to twelve members from each class, and freshmen were selected and initiated in the fall of their first year at Smith. New members of the A.O.H. were given special names upon initiation and were sworn into the club with the oath "I swear eternal hatred to the Orange and everlastin' loyalty to the Green, so help me St. Pat." The A.O.H. flourished as one of Smith's most popular secret societies until 1948, when President Davis abolished secret societies at Smith, calling them "undemocratic." Both the A.O.H. and Orangemen were forced to end all official activities, but records indicate that both organizations continued unofficially until the mid-1960s. There is no documentation of either society's activities available for any time after the 1965-1966 academic year.
0.229 linear feet (1 container)
Language of Materials
The Ancient Order of Hibernians (A.O.H.) was a secret society devoted to "the maintenance of devilish wit and the promotion of hellish spirit in the college." Contains correspondence, membership lists, photographs, songs and poems, and a scrapbook.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Processed by Abby Schlessinger.
Please note that prior to 2018, folder inventories were not always updated when new material was added to the collection. As a result, folder inventories may not be complete and folder numbers may be incorrect.
- Finding aid to the Ancient Order of Hibernians records
- Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
- Abby Schlessinger
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2005-09-23: manosca23 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
- 2018-11-09: Updated to conform to DACS and added boxes
Part of the Smith College Archives Repository
7 Neilson Drive
Northampton MA 01063