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Dorothea de Schweinitz papers

 Collection
Identifier: CA-MS-00115

Scope and Contents

The Dorothea de Schweinitz Papers consist of biographical materials, some correspondence to her parents during her year abroad in Europe following her graduation from Smith College (1913-1914), a single correspondence between de Schweinitz and her father during her tenure on the National Labor Relations Board (1939), her many publications, both on herself and her family, trade publications on labor and industry, and for the Smith Alumnae Quarterly, and her memorabilia book from her time at Smith.

Dates of Materials

  • 1908-1980

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for use without restriction beyond the standard terms and conditions of Smith College Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Access

Until we move into New Neilson in early 2021, collections are stored in multiple locations and may take up to 48 hours to retrieve. Researchers are strongly encouraged to contact Special Collections (specialcollections@smith.edu) at least a week in advance of any planned visits so that boxes may be retrieved for them in a timely manner.

Conditions Governing Use

Smith College retains copyright of materials created as part of its business operations; however, copyright in other items in this collection may be held by their respective creators. For reproductions of materials that are governed by fair use as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission to cite or publish is required. For instances which may regard materials in the collection not created by Smith College, researchers are responsible for determining who may hold materials' copyrights and obtaining approval from them. Researchers do not need anything further from Smith College Special Collections to move forward with their use.

Biographical / Historical

Dorothea de Schweinitz was born on September 5, 1891 in Nazareth, Pennsylvania, the third child of Bishop Paul de Schweinitz and Mary Catherine Daniel. De Schweinitz attended the Moravian Parochial School and graduated from Smith College in 1912. Descendant of six generations of ministers, she became a volunteer social worker in Bethlehem after graduation. During her career in vocational and employment guidance work, she also pursued post-graduate studies at the Universities of Wisconsin and Chicago and received her MA in Economics from Columbia University in 1929.

It was in New York City that de Schweinitz became interested in the difficulties of low-skilled laborers through her work as placement secretary at the Central Branch of the Y.W.C.A. de Schweinitz spent twenty years in vocational and employment guidance work, developing a Junior Employment Service in the public schools in Philadelphia and in service for the Pennsylvania State Employment Service, as well as working in the research departments of the Wharton School (Penn.) and the U.S. Employment Service in Washington D.C. In 1937, de Schweinitz was appointed as one of the first of three female regional directors for the National Labor Relations Board, in St. Louis. De Schweinitz spent the next twenty years in employer-labor relations and as an industrial relations specialist for the War Production Board in Washington D.C. beginning in 1942.

After her long and successful career, de Schweinitz gave her time in retirement to another pioneer field, historical preservation, in volunteer work in establishing Georgetown as an historic district. She was also very active in the Washington branch of the Smith College Club. De Schweinitz was awarded a Smith College Medal in 1974.

De Schweinitz received a number of grants to support her studies and publications on employment and labor relations, including one from the Wertheim Committee of Harvard University in 1948.

Until her death at the age of 89 on November 15, 1980, de Schweinitz enjoyed writing and publishing small pieces about her experiences and enjoyed visiting friends in the U.S. and abroad. Her informal writings are uniformly cheerful and articulate and demonstrate, as she would say herself, her diffidence and sociability and sense of responsibility to the community.

Extent

0.875 linear feet (2 containers)

Language of Materials

English

Overview

Dorothea de Schweinitz was one of the first female regional directors for the National Labor Relations Board, in St. Louis. De Schweinitz worked in employer-labor relations and as an industrial relations specialist for the War Production Board in Washington D.C. Materials include biographical material, correspondence to her parents during her year in Europe after her graduation from Smith College and correspondence between de Schweinitz and her father. Also included are her many publications, both on herself and her family, trade publications on labor and industry, and articles for the Smith Alumnae Quarterly, as well as her memorabilia book from her time at Smith.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source unknown

Related Material

Processing Information

Processed by Laurie Winslow.

Processing Information

Please note that prior to 2018, folder inventories were not always updated when new material was added to the collection. As a result, folder inventories may not be complete and folder numbers may be incorrect.
Title
Finding aid to the Dorothea de Schweinitz papers
Status
Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
Author
Laurie Winslow
Date
2003
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Revision Statements

  • 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
  • 2005-09-23: manosca115 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
  • 2018-11-08: Updated to conform to DACS and added boxes

Repository Details

Part of the Smith College Archives Repository

Contact:
Young Library
4 Tyler Drive
Northampton MA 01063