Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers
Scope and Contents
In addition to some chronologies of Hankins' history, the biographical materials also contain some articles and press releases at the time of his death.
Copies of Hankins' publications comprise the largest part of this collection. There is some information on debates Hankins was involved with and lectures he gave. Also, there are some materials on Hankins' contributions to The New Humanist. Hankins' collaboration with Farrar & Rinehart Publishers is also well documented.
Dates of Materials
- 1846 - 1968
- Hankins, Frank Hamilton, 1877- (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Conditions Governing Use
Biographical / Historical
Hankins served as a member of the Clark University faculty for sixteen years (1906-22), and head of the Department of Political and Social Science beginning in 1908. He contributed numerous articles to scholarly journals, lectured frequently at other universities, studied social conditions in Europe before and after World War I, and taught at the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politique in Paris in 1921.
Hankins joined the Smith College faculty in 1922 as Professor of Sociology, and for many years he served as department chairman, until he left Smith in 1946. He built up a group of sociologists on campus, including Harry Elmer Barnes, Ray Billington, G.A. Borgese, Merle Curti, and Harold Faulkner. Hankins was very active on many different boards and organizations on population and individual rights. In 1930, Hankins was elected the first President of the American Sociological Society, and in 1945 President of the American Population Association. He also taught and lectured widely, serving on the faculties of Amherst College, Columbia, Berkeley, the Army Center at Biarritz, and, following his retirement from Smith, the University of Pennsylvania. In 1936, he studied, on the scene, social conditions in Nazi Germany.
Hankins contributed widely to scholarly journals, anthologies, and the Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. His ground-breaking study, The Racial Basis of Civilization: A Critique of the Nordic Doctrine, was published in 1926. In 1928, he published An Introduction to the Study of Society, a textual treatise presenting his principal theoretical and substantive concerns and convictions. Hankins' writings reveal an interest in the role of biological factors in social life and history and, conversely, in the role of such selective processes as urbanization, education, persecution, and war in the determination of population quantity and quality. He argued in favor of birth control, more for the lower classes and less for the privileged. He condemned authoritarian institutions and practices and supported the maximization of opportunity for all. He also denounced racist policies and believed that racially mixed populations were physically and socially beneficial.
Hankins died of a heart attack at the age of 92 on January 24, 1970 in Franklin Lakes, New Jersey.
3.938 linear feet (9 containers)
Language of Materials
- I. Biographical Materials
- II. Correspondence
- III. Subject Files/Organizations
- IV. Speeches/Publications
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Finding aid to the Frank Hamilton Hankins Papers
- Finding Aid
- Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
- Katrina Cokeng, 2002, CDO Archival Intern
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2005-09-23: manosca60 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
- 2018-11-06: Containers added and finding aid updated as part of the College Archives Survey
Part of the Smith College Archives Repository
7 Neilson Drive
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