Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers
Scope and Contents
The material is arranged in five series: Biographical Material, Correspondence, Professional Life, Publications and Activities. Where appropriate, correspondence and publications may have been placed under one of the other headings.
The material relating to Hawes' professional life documents her excavations on Crete (1900-04) and contains correspondence, journals, news clippings, some notes on excavations and photographs of sites, objects and graves. Included are photographs of objects that are housed in the University Museum at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Publications include drafts of published and unpublished books and articles on ancient art and on her field work, plus one short story and scenarios intended for films.
Hawes' work as a nurse and relief worker in the Greco-Turkish War in 1897 is documented in detail. There are drafts of her manuscripts In Defense of Crete (1914) and Greek Cross and Red Cross (1898?) plus news articles, clippings and some photographs. Her World War I activities are documented in various accounts of her experiences as a representative of the American Distributing Service on Corfu where she organized a hospital for the wounded and ill of the Serbian Army (1915-16). There are approximately 30 photographs of the facility, its staff and surroundings. Hawes' work with the Smith College Relief Unit (1917-18) is documented by correspondence and writings on the founding of the Unit, plus a journal, news clippings and photographs.
- 1874 - 1967
- Hawes, Harriet Boyd, 1871-1945. (Person)
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Biographical / Historical
Hawes soon became well known not only for her volunteer work but also for her expertise in the field of archaeology. For four months in the spring of 1900, she led an excavation at Kavousi, Crete during which she discovered houses and tombs from the Geometric period (900 BC). During another excavation less than a year later in Gournia, Crete, she discovered a Mycenaean provincial town and later published a book entitled, Crete: the Forerunner of Greece.
Hawes accepted a position at Smith College teaching Greek archaeology in 1900 and received her M.A. from Smith in 1901. She taught at Smith until 1905 interspersing her time there with frequent trips abroad for archaeological excursions. During one trip to Crete, she met Charles Henry Hawes, an English anthropologist and archeologist who later became the associate director of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. They were married on March 3, 1906 and nine months later their son, Alexander Boyd Hawes was born. A daughter, Mary Nesbit Hawes followed in August of 1910. By this time Charles was teaching at Dartmouth and the family was living in Hanover, New Hampshire.
Despite her commitment to her family, Hawes remained active in both humanities and her field of archaeology. In 1910, Hawes received an honorary degree from Smith College. She traveled to Corfu in 1915 for a year to work extensively with the Serbian Army. In 1916, she helped the wounded in France and a year later she founded and was the first director of the Smith College Relief Unit in France. She held this title for three years during which time she worked as a nurse's aide at the YMCA.
In 1920, the Hawes' moved to Cambridge and Harriet joined the faculty at Wellesley lecturing on Ancient Art. When Charles retired in 1936, the couple moved to Washington D.C. where Harriet remained after her husband died. She died on March 31, 1945.
Biographical / Historical
- Born Boston, Massachusetts, October 11
- Teacher of Classics, schools in North Carolina and Delaware
- Graduated from Smith College
- Graduate work, American School of Classical Studies, Athens
- Nurse and relief worker in Thessaly with Greek Army, Greco-Turkish War
- Fellow of American School of Classical Studies, Athens
- Nurse Spanish-American War in Tampa, Florida - Summer
- Agnes Hoppin Memorial Fellow, Bryn Mawr College
- Excavation at Kavousi, Crete - May-June
- Part-time Instructor, Smith College in Archaeology, Epigraphy and modern Greek
- Director of excavations of the American Exploration Society - Gournia, Crete, Assisted by Blanche Emily Wheeler 1892.
- M.A. Smith College
- First woman invited to address the Societies of the Archaeological Institute of American
- Married Charles Henry Hawes
- Awarded Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith College
- Established hospital for wounded and ill on Corfu for Serbian army - World War I
- Organizer and first Director of Smith College Relief Unit in France - World War I
- Nurse's aid with YMCA at American Hospital, Longchamps - World War I
- Lecturer in Ancient Art, Wellesley College
- Sued by A.R. Hyde and Son, for damages resulting from her involvement in company strike
- Traveled to Czechoslovakia during take-over of Sudetenland, detained by German authorities
- Died March 31, Washington, D.C.
5.083 linear feet (13 containers)
Language of Materials
- I. Biographical Material
- II. Correspondence
- III. Professional Life
- IV. Publications
- V. Activities
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Finding aid to the Harriet Boyd Hawes Papers
- Legacy Finding Aid (Updated)
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- 07/26/2017: This resource was modified by the ArchivesSpace Preprocessor developed by the Harvard Library (https://github.com/harvard-library/archivesspace-preprocessor)
- 2005-09-23: manosca102 converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by v1to02-5c.xsl (sy2003-10-15).
- 2018-11-13: Containers added and finding aid updated as part of the College Archives Survey
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