Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject HeadingsScope Note: The Sophia Smith Collection collects materials relevant to women’s social circles and personal lives in addition to materials documenting their work. Social role categories are provided to add another way of understanding women’s history, and are assigned to collections that have a significant amount of materials related to that role.
This category covers collections in which motherhood as a concept is a major topic, as well as collections of individual women whose papers reflect their experience as mothers.
Found in 33 Collections and/or Records:
Overview Psychiatric social worker, Social work educator. The Papers primarily date from 1914 to 1972 and focus on Hyde's life after graduation from the Smith College School of Social Work, her marriage to Mark Hyde, their divorce, her life as a single mother, her early career as a psychiatric social worker, and retirement. Comprised mostly of extensive family correspondence, as well as correspondence dealing with her experiences as a social worker at state hospitals in Boston and Detroit, circa 1919 to...
Overview Author; Activist; Co-founder, Third Wave Foundation; Feminist; Organizer. Papers include Richards' correspondence re: speaking engagements, research materials for her book, Opting In, and printed materials on various topics including the Third Wave Feminist movement, grassroots organizing, and motherhood. [NOTE: The contents list for this collection is not online. Contact the Sophia Smith Collection if you would like one sent to you.]
Overview Journalist; Editor; Playwright. Collection includes books and pamphlets by Richardson, biographical material, and a small amount of correspondence. Scrapbooks contain newspaper and magazine articles collected by Richardson on suffrage, women's rights, courtship, marriage, divorce, etiquette, citizenship, civic affairs, consumerism, politics, child-rearing, changing cultural and social mores, and women's clubs. Two scrapbooks focus on the theater and contain clippings about plays by Richardson....
Overview Professor of American Studies and Women's Studies. The papers include personal and professional correspondence; writings and notes; and teaching materials; research and organization files focusing primarily on her years as a professor at Barnard College and her administrative responsibilities there. Her papers reveal the thrills and frustrations that come with advancing new disciplines, American Studies and Women's Studies, while advocating traditional, single-sex educational programs....
Overview The Blake Family Papers contain material relating to Lillie Devereaux Blake and her daughter Katherine Devereaux Blake. Lillie Blake was a suffragist, writer, and women's rights advocate. Katherine Blake was a pacifist, suffragist, ERA activist, teacher, and a leader in the National Education Association. Materials include biographical and printed material, writings, and a scrapbook. The collection also contains correspondence with Mathilda Joslyn Gage, Isabel Howland, John Dewey, Anita...
Dates: 1872-1958; undated
Overview Caroline Bedell Thomas was a physician, researcher, and professor. Papers include family and professional correspondence, articles, newspaper clippings, and photographs. There are also two volumes of privately published World War II letters between Bedell Thomas and her husband, as well as a series of letters between Bedell Thomas and Dorothy Dushkin.
Dates: 1917 - 1985
Overview The Clark-Warner Family Papers include the correspondence of two generations of a family residing in western Massachusetts (principally South Hadley) in the nineteenth century. The major components are the courtship letters of Asel Clark and Clarissa Warner; other letters received by Clarissa (Warner) Clark at this time and in later years; and correspondence of their five children.
Overview Founded in 1996 by a group of social scientists and practicioners, the Council on Contemporary Families is a think tank that counters conservative narratives and policies on the family. Records include correspondence and memoranda, newsletters, and reports, as well as materials related to the Board of Directors, membership, the Gay and Lesbian Task Force, and annual conferences.
Dates: 1964 - 2004
Overview Composer and co-founder of music schools. Musical scores and recordings make up a large portion of the collection. Dushkin's diaries, kept from age 15 to 84, are highly detailed and personal and reflect a dual life as professional composer and family caretaker. Winnetka and Kinhaven music schools are documented by correspondence, writings, and photographs. Correspondents include Jessie Lloyd O'Connor, Caroline Bedell Thomas, and musician Nadia Boulanger.
Overview Author; Teacher; Social reformer; Poets; Farmer. Principal family members represented in the papers are Henry S. Goodale (farmer and writer in Southern Berkshires near Pittsfield, MA); his wife, Deborah Hill Read Goodale (writer); three sisters: Dora Read Goodale, Elaine Goodale [Eastman] (writer, teacher, poet), and Rose Sterling Goodale [Dayton] (writer, poet, and director of Uplands Sanitarium) and their families. The bulk of the papers are those of Elaine Goodale Eastman and her husband Dr....
Overview The collection contains personal papers of Edith May Shaw Racine, a homemaker and mother in Maine, that include letters from Racine to her daughter, Doris Racine McLelland, family genealogy and photographs. The frequent letters Edith wrote to her daughter Doris over almost four decades provide a glimpse into family life during the first half of the twentieth century, mother/daughter relationships, and the impact of the Great Depression on ordinary people.
Dates: 1911 - 2013
Overview Collection contains articles, bibliographies, books, greeting cards, leaflets, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, periodicals, reports, and syllabi addressing "the family," including topics such as homemakers, housework, marriage, unwed mothers, and divorce. Includes feminist critique of marriage and the family by both well-known feminists and more mainstream writers and journalists. Contains documentation of the changes in American family structures and norms that resulted from the cultural and...
Dates: 1829 - 1999; Majority of material found within 1930 - 1980
Overview The Family Diversity Projects records date from 1993 to 2010 and document the organization's work in designing exhibits and authoring books that portray gay and lesbian families, multiracial families, families suffering from mental illnesses, people with disabilities, and transgender people.
Overview Author, journalist, columnist, children's author, and humorist. Sara Payson Willis wrote for several small Boston magazines under the name Fanny Fern; numerous newspapers soon published her pieces. She had a regular weekly column in the New York Ledger and was one of the first woman columnists. Ethel Parton, granddaughter of Sara Willis and James Parton, worked as a writer and literary assistant, and at age 70 began writing children's books. Materials include extensive writings, correspondence,...
Collection — Box 1: 
Overview Radio broadcaster. Three volumes of radio scripts entitled, "The Adventures of a Modern Mother" from a program produced by NBC designed for mothers of growing children and presenting the problems of the normal child in daily life.
Overview Lawyer, judge, suffragist, and pacifist. Allen's papers reflect her career as the first woman judge of a state supreme court and the first woman appointed as a federal judge, as well as her work in the Ohio suffrage and peace movements. Also included are the writings of Florence's mother, Corinne Tuckerman Allen, who was a member of the first class admitted to Smith College. Tuckerman Allen advocated sexual morality, monogamy and family relationships and organized for the Congress of Mothers.
Dates: 1920 - 1966
Overview Ida Belle Gwynn Garvin was a homemaker and homesteader, born in 1869. The Ida Belle Gwynn Garvin Papers is comprised of letters from Ida Gwynn Garvin to her mother, Adaline Gwynn, as well as biographical information and photographs of the Gwynn and Garvin families and letters from Ida Gwynn Garvin's daughters.
Overview Jane Whitbread was an editor and writer. The collection consists solely of material related to the research and writing of her book, After Super Mom: Working Mothers Talk About Their World. It contains questionnaires, responses and analyses of responses, correspondence, taped interviews, transcripts of interviews, and notes Whitbread kept in three travel notebooks.
Dates: 1978 - 1984
Overview Collection consists of correspondence (1931-46); clippings; writings; memorabilia; photographs; and printed material documenting the lives of mother Peggy Murray, diseuse, and daughter Joan Murray, poet.
Dates: 1880-1969; Majority of material found within 1911-1969
Overview The Joann Aalfs papers document the New Bedford Women's Center (founded circa 1969), of which Aalfs was a member. She kept complete and highly detailed records that provide excellent documentation of the beginnings of this grassroots women's organization, the personal and political dimensions of the problems its members sought to address and remedy, as well as the economic, social and cultural context in which it existed. Much of the correspondence is family-related, over multiple generations.
Overview Architectural historian and interior decorator. The papers provide insight into the life a southern woman and a professional single mother. Her writings include material related to interior decorating; poetry; travel diaries; an unpublished biography of her father; and photographs of mostly family mambers. Correspondents include photographer, Frances Benjamin Johnston and lawyer and House of Representatives member, Lucy Sommerville Howorth.
Dates: 1890-1986; Majority of material found within 1942-1970
Overview Industrial engineer. In addition to industrial engineering, Gilbreth and her husband published and lectured extensively on the subject of motion saving techniques and worker efficiency with respect to both physical ability and psychological variables. Family material reflects the unique Gilbreth method of child-rearing. The bulk of the family correspondence is with Gilbreth's third daughter, Ernestine Gilbreth Carey. Other materials include awards, photographs, writings and speeches.
Dates: 1860 - 1999
Overview Madeleine L’Engle, was an author of children’s stories, plays, poetry, fiction, religious tracts, autobiographies, and science fiction, best known for her children’s classic A Wrinkle in Time. This collection includes her personal and professional papers, including manuscripts and drafts of her writings. The collection also includes the papers of Madeliene L'Engle's family members, including her parents and grandparets, the Barnetts and Camps, and her...
Dates: 1788 - 2019; Majority of material found within 1900 - 2007
Overview Marianne Robinson's letters, photographs, poetry, correspondence, and even invoices are fantastic primary sources for topics of the labor and women's movement, folk music, single motherhood, and activism. Her correspondence with Woody Guthrie might be of special interest.
Overview Columnist and novelist. The Manning Papers consist primarily of correspondence and writings. The writings contained in this collection, especially those relating to the Dear Beatrice Fairfax advice column, offer insight into the domestic and marital issues encountered by women. Correspondence includes letters from her friend Olivia Torrence which span a lifetime; letters between Manning and her son during World War II; as well as letters from Eleanor Roosevelt, Earl...
Dates: 1901-2000; Majority of material found within 1930-1945
Overview Immigrant, Farmer, Homemaker, Pioneer. The Mary Ann Wodrow Archbald papers include diaries, correspondence, genealogical materials, commonplace and letter books, photographs, maps, drawings and watercolor paintings. Her diary (1785-1806, 1839-1840) documents her life on the island of Little Cumbrae, follows her move to western New York state, and reflects her lifelong literary and intellectual pursuits and love of nature. Original letters to her family in Scotland describe life as a pioneer...
Dates: 1784-2004; Majority of material found within 1784-1840
Overview Lawyer, professor, and political activist. Major themes reflected in the papers include international law, anti-communism, civil rights, the anti-Vietnam war and anti-nuclear movements. The papers also document Kaufman's close associations with other prominent civil rights attorneys and her involvement in international war crimes tribunals. Material includes trial records and research; correspondence; published and unpublished writings; speeches; and teaching materials.
Dates: 1917 - 1995; Majority of material found within 1946-1986
Overview Farmer, Homemaker, amateur artist. The bulk of the collection consists of fifty-eight volumes of personal diaries, beginning in 1930 at age 19 and ending in 2002. Subjects include local history of Whately, Massachusetts, women's daily life and connections, marriage, and farm life. Supplementing the diaries is a self-published memoir of her life, correspondence with her son, and material documenting her artwork.
Overview The collection contains papers related to Patricia Bernstein's 1993 book, "Having a Baby: Mothers Tell Their Stories," including multiple manuscript drafts, research materials, release forms, and photographs.
Dates: 1896 - 2004
Overview Editor; Publicist; Birth control activist. Correspondence with family and associates in the birth control movement and the Works Progress Administration (1930s); birth control and WPA publications edited by Hanau; biographical information, memorabilia, photographs, and material for her book, The Provincetown: A Story of a Theatre (1931).