Women in medicine
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject HeadingsScope Note: Collections of and about women in medicine. Topics include midwives, other nurses and physicians involved in reproductive health, women physicians in the early to mid 20th century, and American nurses working in humanitarian relief during World War I and II.
Found in 50 Collections and/or Records:
Collection — Box 1: 
Overview Series of oral histories of four notable women: Belva Davis, journalist; Bernice Hemphill, bio-analyist; Marian Cleeves Diamond, scientist; Mary Lanigar, accountant; and Sandra Day O'Connor, supreme court justice. Published by Women's Forum West Legacy Foundation (San Francisco, Calif, 2004).
Overview Physician; Birth control advocate. The papers include extensive correspondence, diaries, medical records and reports, photographs, writings, and subject files pertaining to Satterthwaite's career as a physican, birth control pioneer, and internationally renowned expert in family planning. The collection is rich in materials documenting Satterthwaite's work in family planning in Puerto Rico, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and China.
Dates: 1917-2005; Majority of material found within 1917-2003
Overview Physician, Settlement house worker, Relief worker, World War I. Small collection related to Tallant's medical career at Joy Settlement and St. Martha's House, Philadelphia, and in France during World War I.
Overview Alison King Parra Bastien is a midwife and anthropologist who has studied with midwives and doctors in Mexico and been a regional representative for the Midwives' Alliance of North America. Her papers consist of correspondence, professional papers, notebooks documenting her midwifery practice, and notebooks and catalogs pertaining to her practice of herbology.
Collection — Box 1: 
Overview The Red Cross was founded in Washington, DC, by Clara Barton in 1881, following the Civil War, and provides services to members of the American armed forces and their families. This collection consists of 13 photographs related to the work of Red Cross nurses and other volunteers during the two world wars.
Dates: 1918 - 1945
Overview Professional and personal papers, including correspondence, business records, sermons, writings, both published and unpublished, and teaching/workshop materials, especially strong in anti-racism material, of Andrea Ayvazian, labor and delivery nurse, mountaineering guide, anti-racism consultant, a teacher, a folk singer and published poet, a college dean of religous life, and a pastor.
Dates: 1960 - 2015
Overview Nurse; Medical missionary; Teacher. Correspondence, photographs, memorabilia, and writings documenting nursing work in the Grenfell Mission, Labrador (1912), and in Changsha, China (1913-1915) as nursing superintendent at Yale-in-China Hospital.
Overview Physician. Papers include reminiscences by Johnson's grandmother, Elvira Lightner Allen, of slavery and the abolition movement; a description of Dr. John H. Kelloggs's Battle Creek Sanitarium by a patient in 1900; and reminiscences of her professional life and acquaintences including Emma Goldman and Helen Tufts Bailie.
Overview Caroline Bedell Thomas was a physician, researcher, and professor. Papers include family and professional correspondence, articles, newspaper clippings, and photographs. There are also two volumes of privately published World War II letters between Bedell Thomas and her husband, as well as a series of letters between Bedell Thomas and Dorothy Dushkin.
Dates: 1917 - 1985
Overview Red Cross relief worker, World War I. Papers primarily consist of a typescript of letters Bannon wrote to family and friends from Paris between 1918 and 1921. Additional papers provide a small amount of information about her life before and after her Red Cross work in Paris. Materials also include photographs.
Dates: 1895-1961; Majority of material found within 1918-1921
Collection — Box 1
Overview Oral history interview of Cheri Appel, M.D., physician and early birth control worker primarily discussing her work and Margaret Sanger. Interview conducted by Ellen Chesler in 1989. Includes audiotape and transcript.
Dates: 1989 February 1
Overview Nurse; Founder and President, American National Red Cross. Worked as a nurse in the Civil war and initiated a campaign to develop the American Red Cross. Papers include correspondence, manuscript notes, speeches, writings, photographs, memorabilia, and files documenting her work for the Civil War, Red Cross, and other relief organizations.
Dates: 1822-1982; Majority of material found within 1860-1912
Overview Papers of Louise de Schweinitz Darrow, physician and birth control advocate include correspondence, diaries, photographs and memorabilia. Papers of Dorothea de Schweinitz, social worker and labor researcher, include correspondence documenting her trip to Germany, 1913, where she first learned of class issues, management and labor issues, and an oral history.
Dates: 1912-1997; Majority of material found within 1970-1980
Overview Public health specialist, physician and instructor. The papers focus on the life of a woman who made pioneering contributions to the fields of pathology, public health, maternal infant health, pediatrics, and nutrition, as well as early 20th century women's medical education. Mendenhall's Smith College years and her time at Johns Hopkins Medical School are well represented. Material includes research, writings, diaries and correspondence with her son, Thomas Corwin Mendenhall (president of...
Dates: 1805 - 2003; Majority of material found within 1890-1957
Overview Two oral histories of birth control advocate and physician Edris Rice-Wray, who founded Mexico's first family planning clinic in Mexico City. Includes audio tapes and one draft transcript.
Dates: 1987 March 14
Overview Physician; Children's author; Anti-suffragist; Birth control advocate; and Public health advocate. Papers consist primarily of Walker's writings and lectures, but also contain small amounts of biographical material and correspondence; plus information on women's health, the social and moral hygiene movements, turn-of-the-century childrearing practices, birth control and sexuality.
Dates: 1887 - 1954
Overview WWI relief worker; Nurse. The papers include correspondence, reports, papers, and pamphlets relating to Clement's administration of the American Red Cross rural nursing program in Appalachia, circa 1912-1917, and various of accounts of her visits to impoverished communities in that area. There is also correspondence from Clement to her family while working with the Smith College Relief Unit in Grécourt, France, after World War I (1919).
Collection — Box 1
Overview Physician; Professor; and Public health specialist. Papers consist of notes, awards, citations, photographs, printed material, photographs, and memorabilia and include both professional and personal material. Also correspondence with family and friends, especially colleagues in medicine, research, and education; and a voluminous file of letters with her sister.
Overview The collection contains the personal and professional papers of Florence Whitney Fosdick, Elinor Fosdick Downs, and Dorothy Emerson Fosdick. There is a small amount of genealogical and biographical information concerning a number of other Fosdick family members, notably Harry E. Fosdick. The Elinor F. Downs materials contain materials about her medical and public health career; her 1961 study of Arab refugees; writings and illustrations for scientific and archaeological studies; and photograph...
Overview The collection contains photographs and recordings of conferences and presentations, articles and publications on gays and gays in health care, and of newsletters, mailings, and fliers. Also included are the working papers of the Gay Nurse Alliance, an advocacy group for gay patients and nurses and an education disseminator for health care professionals and others.
Dates: 1971 - 1984
Overview The Washington-based Global Campaign for Microbicides (GCM), which engaged over 300 organizations worldwide from its founding in 1998 to the present, focused on encouraging the development of HIV/AIDS prevention methods that women could use autonomously, with no active partner participation. The collection contains a wide range of materials from published scientific research to documentation of the GCM's lobbying efforts in Washington, as well as personal correspondence and handwritten...
Collection — Multiple Containers
Overview Red Cross volunteer, World War I. Biographical material, clippings, photographs, scrapbooks, and a journal pertaining to Nobili's World War I service in Italy as a Red Cross volunteer and hospital worker for the YMCA. Also included are artwork; writings of her husband, Cavaliere Riccardo Nobili; photographs of John Burroughs, n.d.; and correspondence (1930s-50s). Correspondents include Bernard Berenson, Cecil Gould, Cecil Roberts, Frank Mather, and Ham Rosewell.
Overview Pediatrician, antinuclear activist, Co-founder of Women's Party for Survival and Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament. Papers include correspondence, memorabilia, publicity, photographs, writings, research files, and audiovisual materials. Also included are organizational records of Physicians for Social Responsibility and Women's Action for Nuclear Disarmament
Dates: 1961 - 2007-03-08
Overview Physician and suffragist. Papers consists of one box of correspondence, biographical materials, and memorabilia. The papers of Dr. Mary Olive Hunt relate primarily to her medical career and include cards of matriculation and registration in courses of the New England Female Medical College. Elizabeth ("Bessie") Bisbee Hunt's correspondence include letters and notes both personal and professional, from famous and lesser known people.
Overview Medical missionary and physician. The papers document her life as a student at Smith College and her work as a medical missionary in China and Liberia. China material describes medical work; Chinese culture and daily life; the Lindberghs' visit in 1931; the Japanese invasion; the Communist invasion; and a trip to the Holy Land. Material includes correspondence; diaries; medical school records and internships; writings; oral history notes; and memorabilia document her college years and...
Dates: 1892-1991; Majority of material found within 1911-1961
Overview Women's health care organization. Records include teaching manuals for childbirth education and childbirth assistant training, conferences, and workshops; publications on home birth and midwifery; video and audio tapes; and some professional papers of founder Rahima Baldwin Dancy.
Dates: 1975 - 1999
Overview Midwife, environmentalist, American Indian rights activist. The Papers consist of information about Cook and her midwifery and women's health practice in the Akwesasne Mohawk community on the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation in northern New York State and on the adjacent Akwesasne reserve in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. The Papers also contain information about Cook's activism related to environmental contamination and human health and about indigenous rights and environmental justice. Included are...
Overview Linda Janet Holmes is a women's health researcher, writer, independent scholar, and activist. She is a research scientist for the New Jersey Department of Public Health, has served as executive director of the New Jersey Office of Minority and Multicultural Affairs, and a board member of the National Black Women's Health Project. This collection contains sixty oral history interviews (audio recordings) with African-American midwives who practiced in the southern United States, primarily...