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Indigenous women -- North America

 Subject
Subject Source: Main
Scope Note: Identity categories provide another way of understanding the lives of women documented in our collections. Identities are assigned based on information available to the Smith College Special Collections, as declared by historical actors. Terms that people may have used to describe their own identities change over time. Because of this, not all collections are categorized. If we have made a mistake in our identity classification, please contact us.

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

Alliance Against Women's Oppression records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00699
Overview International women of color organization, Welfare rights activists, Reproductive rights and Women's health advocates. The Records are primarily related to the Bay Area Chapter of the Alliance and contain documents that articulate and demonstrate the challenges of developing a revolutionary mass organization through position and discussion papers, drafts, and publications produced by the Alliance. There is abundant documentation of the processes of coalition and social investigation that AAWO...
Dates: 1980-1989

Charon Asetoyer papers

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00677
Overview Abortion rights advocate, women's health activist, indigenous rights activist. Papers document Asetoyer's professional and public life, focusing on her activism in indigenous rights, women's health, and reproductive justice issues on the local, national, and international level. Major topics include Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; HIV/AIDS and Native Americans; economic development; health care for rural and underserved populations; links between the environment and health; and indigenous women's...
Dates: 1985-2008

Coalition of Indian-Controlled School Boards Oral History Project Records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00696
Overview Oral history interviews with individuals who made "unrivaled contributions to Indian parental and community control of Indian education." The collection includes audio recordings, partial transcripts, related correspondence and published documents. A large percentage of the interviews are with women and many who were involved in the Indian rights movement, including Rebecca Adamson, the first field coordinator for the coalition.
Dates: 1967- 2009

Interracial, circa 1892-1947

 File — Box 2: Series 2; Series 3, Reel: 107, microdex: 6
Scope and Contents Documents concerning the YWCA of the U.S.A. Industrial Department program and administration covering the southern industrial situation, secretary job analysis and staff meetings. Southern situation materials concern conditions faced by Southern industrial workers, particularly those in the textile industry. Included in these documents are reports on working conditions, discussion of progress made and methods used, an address by Sherwood Anderson at an industrial institute, correspondence...
Dates: circa 1892-1947

Interracial, circa 1961-1970

 File — Box 4: Series 1; Series 2; Series 3, Reel: 296, microdex: 1
Scope and Contents Documents concerning YWCA of the U.S.A. internal issues of racism and race relations as well as their involvement in the civil rights movement and activism. These initiatives address racism towards Native Americans and Mexican Americans but the majority of the materials specifically address racism faced by African Americans. Articles and reports concerning economic and social conditions faced by Native Americans in the United States include several reports of the Menominee people and how they...
Dates: circa 1961-1970

Katsi Cook papers

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00528
Overview Midwife, environmentalist, American Indian rights activist. The Papers consist of information about Cook and her midwifery and women's health practice in the Akwesasne Mohawk community on the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation in northern New York State and on the adjacent Akwesasne reserve in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. The Papers also contain information about Cook's activism related to environmental contamination and human health and about indigenous rights and environmental justice. Included are...
Dates: 1977-2008

Native American Women's Health Education Resource Center records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00526
Overview Women's health advocacy organization. The Records focus on NAWHERC's administration, funding, programs, studies, and work in coalition with other women's health, indigenous rights, environmental stewardship, and women of color organizations. Major topics found throughout these papers include Native American health and cultural survival, rights of indigenous peoples, alcoholism and other drug dependency problems, abortion and reproductive health, fetal alcohol syndrome, diabetes, breast cancer,...
Dates: 1934 - 2014

New Mexico, circa 1961-1970

 File — Box 4: Series 1; Series 2; Series 3, Reel: 336, microdex: 4
Scope and Contents Documents concerning the work of the YWCA of the U.S.A. and its associations in New Mexico. Documents are arranged alphabetically by city or town with further form and topical designations on the microfilm under the affiliated association in Albuquerque. The administration and development of the YWCA of Albuquerque is documented in basic standards reports, constitutions, and bylaws. Visitation reports include program descriptions, reports of challenges and successes, and discussion of personnel...
Dates: circa 1961-1970

Race and racial justice: American Indian work, circa 1910-1993

 File — Box 1026: Series 1, Folder: 4
Scope and Contents Photographs highlighting the YWCA of the USA's work with Native American women. Photographs include images from the Native American Caucus at the 1977 National Women's Conference in Houston Texas, snapshots of National Board member Deanna Espina during inauguration week 1993, and unidentified photographs of Native American services and participants.
Dates: circa 1910-1993

Rebecca Adamson papers

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00481
Overview Economist, Founder First Nations Development Institute, Native American rights advocate. Papers are primarily related to her professional and public life, and focus on two organizations founded by Adamson, the First Nations Development Institute (FNDI) and First Peoples Worldwide (FPW). Major topics include American Indians, indigenous people, and economic development. Portions of the work of FNDI are particularly well chronicled through detailed staff reports and records on Field Operations...
Dates: 1941 - 2013

SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00550
Overview Reproductive rights advocacy and healthcare reform organization. Conference materials, background information, and video recordings from the SisterSong National Membership Meetings.
Dates: 1994 - 2012

Sophia Smith Collection zines collection

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00434
Overview Self-published magazines created primarily by women and girls who share a strong feminist perspective. Topics include "third wave" feminism, lesbian relationships, erotica, African American experiences around gender, and fat liberation. The collection is comprised primarily of individual issues, mostly dating from the 1990s.
Dates: 1967-2019; Majority of material found within 1991-1999

Third World Women's Alliance, Bay Area chapter records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00697
Overview Global women of color reproductive rights and social justice organization. TWWA broadened the scope of women's activism to address issues such as sterilization abuse, infant mortality, welfare rights, and low-wage work. The orientation of TWWA towards the "third world" brought the struggles, condition, and status of women in Latin America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East to the forefront. The bulk of the records focus on the the West Coast and Oakland/San Francisco Bay Area Chapters of the...
Dates: 1971-1980; Majority of material found within 1971-1977

Tonya Gonnella Frichner papers

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00703
Overview Lawyer; President and Founder, American Indian Law Alliance; Professor of Native American History, Law and Human Rights. Primarily professional papers. Major topics include social conditions and legal status of North American Indians, and related issues such as health care, environmental issues, land rights, and international rights of indigenous peoples. [NOTE: The contents list for this collection is not online. Contact the Sophia Smith Collection if you would like one sent to you.]
Dates: 1980 - 2014

Undivided Rights Book Project records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00538
Overview Feminist; Professor, Women's Studies; Author; Reproductive rights advocate. Research files, correspondence and manuscripts related to the book Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organizing for Reproductive Justice (2004) by Jael Miriam Silliman, Loretta Ross, Marlene Fried, and Elena Gutiérrez.
Dates: 1992-2002

Wisconsin, circa 1893-1950

 File — Box 3: Series 1; Series 2; Series 3, Reel: 222, microdex: 2
Scope and Contents Documents concerning the history, affiliation, program and activities of the YWCA of Milwaukee, Wisconsin and its international institute. The administrative and organizational history of the association can be traced through its constitutions, bylaws, fact sheets and historical notes. In addition, correspondence and questionnaires concerning association buildings and finance document the administrative and operational aspects of those parts of the association. Studies, conducted by outside...
Dates: circa 1893-1950

Women of color collection

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00439
Overview The Women of Color Collection consists primarily of published material relating to the status of women of color in the United States. Includes printed materials, bibliographies, position papers, the Indian School Journal, unpublished position papers from the Wesleyan College Center for Research on Women, A Resource Guide of American Indian-Alaskan Native Women, and reports from conferences on the educational and occupational...
Dates: 1903-1992

Women of Color Resource Center records

 Collection
Identifier: SSC-MS-00718
Overview Women of color grassroots network; Welfare rights, reproductive rights, and women's health advocacy organization in Oakland, California The WCRC seeks to educate and empower women and girls of color, helping them to become effective leaders while at the same time advocating for public policies that help women of color, and bringing their concerns to the forefront of all social justice and women's rights movements. The WCRC has also sought to build transnational relationships with sister...
Dates: 1980-2011